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Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution and Habitat
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    Oedipina carablanca is endemic to Costa Rica (Savage 2002). Although it is rare and specimens are known from only four localities (Finca Los Diamantes, Guapilles; Pocora, a private reserve; Reserva las Brisas de Alegría; Alto Guayacán), it may be more widely distributed (Bolaños et al. 2009). It is found from 60 - 750 m above sea level (Stuart et al. 2008). Little of its original Atlantic lowland moist forest habitat remains; this species has been found within rotting logs and under bark of fallen trees in scrublands, banana plantations, and young secondary forest (Stuart et al. 2008).

Trends

    Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
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    Whereas most members of the genus Oedipina are fossorial or semifossorial (Savage 2002), this species appears to be mainly terrestrial, found in rotting logs. Because it has also been found under bark of fallen trees, there has been speculation that it may be arboreal as well (Stuart et al. 2008).

    O. carablanca is a direct developer (Stuart et al. 2008) and, like other members of its genus, it probably does not exhibit parental care (Savage 2002).

    Species in this genus are known to coil up upon being disturbed, and may even begin flipping their bodies if they are particularly disturbed (Savage 2002).

Threats

    Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
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    Extensive habitat fragmentation and loss is believed to be the primary cause of O. carablanca's population decline and current low abundance. Both primary and secondary forest habitat have been removed for plantations, human settlement, and livestock. It does occur within two protected areas, Pocora and Reserva las Brisas le Alegria (Stuart et al. 2008).