Marnaviridae ( англиски )

добавил wikipedia EN

Marnaviridae is a family of positive-stranded RNA viruses in the order Picornavirales.[2] The first species of this family that was isolated is Heterosigma akashiwo RNA virus (HaRNAV) in the genus Marnavirus,[3] that infects the toxic bloom-forming Raphidophyte alga, Heterosigma akashiwo.[4] Using a sequence-based framework an additional twenty marine RNA viruses have been added to the family.[5]

HaRNAV was isolated from water collected in the Strait of Georgia in British Columbia, Canada, from a concentrated virus assemblage using the host Heterosigma akashiwo (NEPCC 522).[6] It must not be confused with two other unrelated viruses that infect this host, Heterosigma akashiwo virus 01 (HaV-1, isolate: HaV53) in the genus Raphidovirus, and Heterosigma akashiwo Nuclear Inclusion Virus (HaNIV).[7]

Taxonomy

The family contains the following seven genera:[3]

Structure

 src=
Electron micrograph of Heterosigma akashiwo RNA virus (HaRNAV) particles. Scale 50 nm.
 src=
Genome map of Marnaviridae.
Modified after ViralZone.[8]
 src=
Schematic drawing of a virion of the family Marnaviridae, cross section and side view.[8]
 src=
Chaetoceros tenuissimus RNA virus 01, genus Bacillarnavirus: The MCPs are coloured in green, magenta and cyan and the mCP in yellow.

Virions in Marnaviridae are non-enveloped, with icosahedral geometries, and T=pseudo3 symmetry. The diameter is around 25 nm. Genomes are linear and non-segmented (monopartit), around 8.6 kb in length.[8] The capsid consists of three major capsid proteins (MCPs: VP1, VP2, VP3), each having a Jelly roll fold and a minor capsid protein (mCP) that is located around the five-fold axes on the inside of the capsid. [9]

Life cycle

Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement.[8]

Marine phytoplankton serve as the natural hosts of the only known member of the family Marnaviridae.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Virus Taxonomy: 2018b Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Marnaviridae - Positive Sense RNA Viruses - Positive Sense RNA Viruses (2011) - International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  4. ^ Lang, A. S.; Culley, A. I.; Suttle, C. A. (2004). "Genome sequence and characterization of a virus (HaRNAV) related to picorna-like viruses that infects the marine toxic bloom-forming alga Heterosigma akashiwo". Virology. 320 (2): 206–217. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2003.10.015. PMID 15016544.
  5. ^ Vlok, M.; Lang, A. S.; Suttle, C. A. (2019). "Application of a sequence-based taxonomic classification method to uncultured and unclassified marine single-stranded RNA viruses in the order Picornavirales". Virus Evolution. 31, 5(2):vez056. doi:10.1093/ve/vez056. PMID 31908848.
  6. ^ Tai, Vera; Lawrence, Janice E.; Lang, Andrew S.; Chan, Amy M.; Culley, Alexander I.; Suttle, Curtis A. (2003). "Characterization of HaRNAV, a single-stranded RNA virus causing lysis of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae)". Journal of Phycology. 39 (2): 206–217. doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.01162.x.
  7. ^ Lawrence, Janice E; Chan, Amy M; Suttle, Curtis A (2001). "A novel virus (HaNIV) causes lysis of the toxic bloom-forming alga Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae)". Journal of Phycology. 37 (2): 216–222. doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2001.037002216.x.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  9. ^ Munke, Anna; Kimura, Kei; Tomaru, Yuji; Okamoto, Kenta (16 April 2020). "Capsid Structure of a Marine Algal Virus of the Order". Journal of Virology. 94 (9). doi:10.1128/JVI.01855-19.

 title=
лиценца
cc-by-sa-3.0
авторски права
Wikipedia authors and editors
изворно
посети извор
соработничко мреж. место
wikipedia EN

Marnaviridae: Brief Summary ( англиски )

добавил wikipedia EN

Marnaviridae is a family of positive-stranded RNA viruses in the order Picornavirales. The first species of this family that was isolated is Heterosigma akashiwo RNA virus (HaRNAV) in the genus Marnavirus, that infects the toxic bloom-forming Raphidophyte alga, Heterosigma akashiwo. Using a sequence-based framework an additional twenty marine RNA viruses have been added to the family.

HaRNAV was isolated from water collected in the Strait of Georgia in British Columbia, Canada, from a concentrated virus assemblage using the host Heterosigma akashiwo (NEPCC 522). It must not be confused with two other unrelated viruses that infect this host, Heterosigma akashiwo virus 01 (HaV-1, isolate: HaV53) in the genus Raphidovirus, and Heterosigma akashiwo Nuclear Inclusion Virus (HaNIV).

лиценца
cc-by-sa-3.0
авторски права
Wikipedia authors and editors
изворно
посети извор
соработничко мреж. место
wikipedia EN