التعريف: External ear (pinna) length is a standard measurement in mammalogy, usually measured in a living mammal or a fresh mammal carcass. External ear length is measured from the base of the notch at the bottom of the ear to the apex (highest point) of the ear.
التعريف: Description of the relationships among individuals within a population of organisms, including reproductive relationships (mating system), relationships within each sex, adult – young interactions, helpers and cooperation (group living).
التعريف: Solitary animals are those that spend a majority of their lives without others of their species, with possible exceptions for mating and raising their young. The antonym to a solitary animal is a social animal.
التعريف: The institution that holds a type specimen for a given species. The recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).