The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 8: 2, pl. s.n. 1853. (Bot. Exped. Oregon)
  • Balf. 1853. In: Murray, Bot. Exped. Oregon 8: 2.
  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Critchfield, W. 1966. Geographic Distribution of the Pines of the World. Miscellaneous Publication. Washington, D.C., E.U.A.
  • Eguiluz-Piedra, T. Junio, 1985. Descripción botánica de los pinos mexicanos. México, D.F.
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Farjon, A. & Styles, B.T. 1997. Pinus (Pinaceae) (Flora Neotropica Monograph 75). The New York Botanical Garden, New York
  • Farjon, A. 1997. Guía de campo de los Pinos de México y América Central. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Bélgica.
  • Farjon, A. K. & B. T. Styles. 1997. Pinus (Pinaceae). Fl. Neotrop. 75: 1–291.
  • Farjon, A. K., J. A. Pérez de la Rosa & B. T. Styles. 1997. Field Guide Pines Mexico Central America 1–147. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hickman, J. 1993. The Jepson Manual  Higher Plants of California. University of California Press. Los Angeles, California, E.U.A.
  • Minnich, R. 1987. The Distribution of Forest Trees in Northern Baja California, Mexico. Madroño. 34 (2) : 114-115.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Perry, J. 1991. The Pines of México and Central America. Timber Press, Inc. Portland, Oregon, E.U.A.
  • Perry, J. P. 1991. Pines Mex. Centr. Amer. 1–231. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Kew 1996. Index Kewensis 2. Oxford University Press. Oxford, E.U.A.
  • W3Tropicos. [en línea] [consulta: 2004]
  • Wiggins, I. 1980. Flora of Baja California. Stanford University Press. Stanford, California, E.U.A.
    1. Axelrod, Daniel 1. 1976. History of the coniferous forests,  California and Nevada. University of California Publications in Botany  70:1-61.
    3. Bega, Robert V., tech. coord. 1978. Diseases of Pacific Coast  conifers. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 521.  Washington, DC. 206 p.
    5. Billings, W. D. 1950. Vegetation and plant growth as affected by  chemically altered rocks in the western Great Basin. Ecology 31:62-74. 
    7. Byler, James W. 1978. The pest damage inventory in California. In  Proceedings, Symposium on Dwarf Mistletoe Control Through Forest  Management, April 11-13, 1978, Berkeley, CA. p. 162-171. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-31. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
    9. Callaham, R. Z., and A. R. Liddicoet. 1961. Altitudinal variation at  20 years in ponderosa and Jeffrey pines. Journal of Forestry 59:814-820. 
    11. Callaham, R. Z., and Woodbridge Metcalf. 1959. Altitudinal races of  Pinus ponderosa confirmed. Journal of Forestry 57:500-502.
    13. Conkle, M. Thompson. 1981. Isozyme variation and linkage in six  conifer species. In Proceedings, Symposium on Isozymes of North American  Forest Trees and Forest Insects, July 27, 1979, Berkeley, CA. p. 11-17.  USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-48. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
    15. Critchfield, William B. 1966. Crossability and relationships of the  California big-cone pines. In USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NC-6.  p. 36-44. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN.
    17. Critchfield, William B. 1971. Profiles of California vegetation. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-76. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 54 p.
    19. Critchfield, William B., and Elbert L. Little, Jr. 1966. Geographic  distribution of the pines of the world. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Miscellaneous Publication 991. Washington, DC. 97 p.
    21. Crouch, Glenn L. 1971. Susceptibility of ponderosa, Jeffrey, and  lodgepole pines to pocket gophers. Northwest Science 45:252-256.
    23. Duffield, J. W. 1953. Pine pollen collection dates-annual and  geographic variation. USDA Forest Service, Research Note 85. California  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley. 9 p,
    25. Eaton, Charles B. 1956. Jeffrey pine beetle. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Forest Pest Leaflet 11. Washington, DC. 7 p.
    27. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    29. Fowells, H. A. 1953. The effect of seed and stock sizes on survival  and early growth of ponderosa and Jeffrey pine. Journal of Forestry  51:504-507.
    31. Fowells, H. A., and N. B. Stark. 1965. Natural regeneration in  relation to environment in the mixed conifer forest type of California.  USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-24. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 14 p.
    33. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. U.S,  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington,  DC. 654 p.
    35. Gordon, Donald T. 1962. Growth response of east side pine poles to  removal of low vegetation. USDA Forest Service, Research Note 209.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley. 3 p. 
    37. Griffin, James R. 1974. A strange forest in San Benito County.  Fremontia 2:11-15.
    39. Griffin, James R., and William B. Critchfield. 1972. The distribution  of forest trees in California. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  PSW-82. (Rev. with suppl. 1976). Pacific Southwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 118 p.
    41. Haller, John R. 1959. Factors affecting the distribution of ponderosa  and Jeffrey pines in California. Madroño 15:65-71.
    43. Haller, John R. 1961. Some recent observations on ponderosa, Jeffrey  and Washoe pines in northeastern California. Madroño 16:126-132. 
    45. Haller, John R. 1962. Variation and hybridization in ponderosa and  Jeffrey pines. University of California Publications in Botany  34:123-166.
    47. Hallin, William E. 1957. Silvical characteristics of Jeffrey pine.  USDA Forest Service, Technical Paper 17. California Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Berkeley. 11 p.
    49. Hallin, William E. 1959. The application of unit area control in the  management of ponderosa-Jeffrey pine at Blacks Mountain Experimental  Forest. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1191.  Washington, DC. 96 p.
    51. Hedlin, Alan F., Harry 0. Yates III, David Cibrian Tovar, and  others. 1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers. USDA  Forest Service, Washington, DC. 122 p.
    53. Jenkinson, James L. 1980. Improving plantation establishment by  optimizing growth capacity and planting time of western yellow pines.  USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-154. Pacific Southwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 22 p.
    55. Jepson, Willis Linn. 1923. The trees of California. University of  California, Berkeley. 240 p.
    57. Krugman, Stanley L. 1970. Incompatibility and inviability systems  among some western North American pines. In Proceedings,  International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, Section 22,  Working Group, Part II, Sexual reproduction of forest trees. IUFRO,  Finland. 13 p.
    59. Krugman, Stanley L., and James L. Jenkinson. 1974. Pinus L.  pine. In Seeds of woody plants in the United States. C. S.  Schopmeyer, tech. coord. p. 598-638. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
    61. Laacke, Robert J. 1979. California forest soils. University of  California Division of Agricultural Sciences, Priced Publication 4094.  Berkeley. 181 p.
    63. Little, Elbert L., Jr., and Francis I. Righter. 1965. Botanical  descriptions of forty artificial pine hybrids. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1345. Washington, DC. 47 p.
    65. MacLean, Colin D., and Charles L. Bolsinger. 1973. Estimating  productivity on sites with a low stocking capacity. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper PNW-152. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Portland, OR. 18 P.
    67. Oliver, William W. 1972. Growth after thinning ponderosa and Jeffrey  pine pole stands in northeastern California. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper PSW-85. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 8 p.
    69. Oliver, William W. 1979. Fifteen-year growth patterns after thinning  a ponderosa-Jeffrey pine plantation in northeastern California. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-141. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 10 p.
    71. Pardo, Richard. 1978. National register of big trees. American  Forests 84(4):17-47.
    73. Parmeter, J. R., and Robert F. Scharpf. 1972. Spread of dwarf  mistletoe from discrete seed sources into young stands of ponderosa and  Jeffrey pines. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PSW-269. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 5 p,
    75. Peterson, Glenn W., and Richard S. Smith, Jr., tech. coords. 1975.  Forest nursery diseases in the United States. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 470. Washington, DC. 125 p.
    77. Pronos, John, Detlev R. Vogler, and Richard S. Smith, Jr. 1978. An  evaluation of ozone injury to pines in the southern Sierra Nevada. USDA  Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Management Report 78-1. San  Francisco, CA. 17 p.
    79. Radosevich, S. R., E. J. Roncoroni, S. G. Conard, and W. B. McHenry.  1980. Seasonal tolerance of six coniferous species to eight  foliage-active herbicides. Forest Science 26:3-9.
    81. Righter, F. I., and J. W. Duffield. 1951. Interspecies hybrids in  pines. Journal of Heredity 42:75-80.
    83. Roy, D. F. 1953. Effects of ground cover and class of planting stock  on survival of transplants in the eastside pine type of California. USDA  Forest Service, Research Note 87. California Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley. 6 p.
    85. Roy, Douglass F. 1981. Effects of competing vegetation on conifer  performance. Paper presented at Forest Vegetation Workshop, March 3-5,  1981, School of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 54 p.
    87. Rundel, Philip W., David J. Parsons, and Donald T. Gordon. 1977.  Montane and subalpine vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade  Ranges. In Terrestrial vegetation of California. p. 559-599.  Michael G. Barbour and Jack Major, eds. John Wiley, New York.
    89. Sargent, Charles Sprague. 1965. Manual of the trees of North  America. vol. 1. Dover, New York. 433 p.
    91. Scharpf, Robert F., and Robert V. Bega. 1981. Elytroderma disease  reduces growth and vigor, increases mortality of Jeffrey pines at Lake  Tahoe Basin, California. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-155.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 6  p.
    93. Scharpf, Robert F., and J. R. Parmeter, Jr. 1967. Spread of dwarf  mistletoe into Jeffrey pine plantation ... trees infected after 22  years. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PSW-141. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 6 p.
    95. Scharpf, Robert F., and Michael Srago. 1974. Conifer damage and  death associated with the use of hiway deicing salt in the Lake Tahoe  Basin of California and Nevada. USDA Forest Service, California Region  Forest Pest Control Technical Report 1. San Francisco, CA. 16 p.
    97. Siggins, Howard W. 1933. Distribution and rate of fall of conifer  seeds. Journal of Agricultural Research 47:119-128.
    99. Smith, Richard H. 1967. Monoterpene composition of pine species and  hybrids ... some preliminary findings. USDA Forest Service, Research  Note PSW-135. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 14 p.
    101. Stone, Edward C. 1957. Dew as an ecological factor. II. The effect  of artificial dew on the survival of Pinus ponderosa and  associated species. Ecology 38:414-422.
    103. Sudworth, George B. 1967. Forest trees of the Pacific Slope. Dover,  New York. 455 p.
    105. Teeguarden, Dennis E., and Donald T. Gordon. 1964. Thinning  increases growth of stagnated ponderosa and Jeffrey pine sapling stands.  Journal of Forestry 62:114.
    107. Tomback, Diana F. 1978. Foraging strategies of Clark's nutcracker.  The Living Bird 16:123-161.
    109. Vasek, Frank C. 1978. Jeffrey pine and vegetation of the southern  Modoc National Forest. Madroño 25:9-30.
    111. Wagener, Willis W. 1960. A comment on cold susceptibility of  ponderosa and Jeffrey pines. Madroño 15:217-219.
    113. Wagener, Willis W. 1965. Dwarf mistletoe removal and reinvasion in  Jeffrey and ponderosa pine, northeastern California. USDA Forest  Service, Research Note PSW-73. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 8 p.
    115. Waring, R. H. 1969. Forest plants of the Eastern Siskiyous: their  environment and vegetational distribution. Northwest Science 43:1-17. 
    117. Waring, R. H., and J. Major. 1964. Some vegetation of the California  coastal redwood region in relation to gradients of moisture, nutrients,  light, and temperature. Ecological Monographs 34:167-215.
    119. Zobel, Bruce. 1951. The natural hybrid between Coulter and Jeffrey  pines. Evolution 5:405-418,


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