The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 12. Habeck, James R. 1972. Fire ecology investigations in Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, historical considerations and current observations. Contract No. 26-2647, Publication No. R1-72-001. Missoula, MT: University of Montana, Department of Botany. 119 p. [7848]
  • 13. Halverson, Nancy M.; Emmingham, William H. 1982. Reforestation in the Cascades Pacific silver fir zone; a survey of sites and management experiences on the Gifford Pinchot, Mt. Hood and Willame. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service R-6 Area Guide R6-ECOL-091-1982. Pacific Northwest Region, Portland, Oregon 37 p. [12491]
  • 14. Hansen, Paul L.; Chadde, Steve W.; Pfister, Robert D. 1988. Riparian dominance types of Montana. Misc. Publ. No. 49. Missoula, MT: University of Montana, School of Forestry, Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station. 411 p. [5660]
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  • 18. Hungerford, Roger D.; Williams, Ralph E.; Marsden, Michael A. 1982. Thinning and pruning western white pine: a potential for reducing mortality due to blister rust. Res. Note INT-322. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 7 p. [12921]
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  • 2. Bingham, Richard T. 1983. Blister rust resistant western white pine for the Inland Empire: the first 25 years of the research and development program. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-146. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 45 p. [12952]
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  • 29. Larsen, J. A. 1925. Natural reproduction after forest fires in northern Idaho. Journal of Agricultural Research. 30(12): 1177-1197. [13193]
  • 3. Cowan, Ian McTaggart. 1945. The ecological relationships of the food of the Columbian black-tailed deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus (Richardson), in the c. forest region southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Ecological Monographs. 15(2): 110-139. [16006]
  • 30. Leaphart, Charles D.; Foiles, Marvin W. 1972. Effects of removing pole-blighted western white pine trees on growth and development of a mixed conifer stand. Res. Note INT-161. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 6 p. [12882]
  • 31. Leege, Thomas A. 1968. Prescribed burning for elk in northern Idaho. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1968 March 14-15; Tallahassee, FL. No 8. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 235-253. [5287]
  • 33. Miller, Daniel L. 1981. The effects of Roundup herbicide on northern Idaho conifers and shrub species. Forestry Technical Paper TP-81-2. Lewiston, ID: Potlatch Corporation. 13 p. [3581]
  • 35. Miller, Daniel L. 1981. Can we fall plant white pine?. Forestry Res. Note RN-81-6. Lewiston, ID: Potlatch Corporation, Wood Products, Western Division. 7 p. [13331]
  • 36. Minore, Don. 1979. Comparative autecological characteristics of northwestern tree species--a literature review. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-87. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 72 p. [1659]
  • 37. Moore, James A. 1988. Response of Douglas-fir, grand fir, and western white pine to forest fertilization. In: Schmidt, Wayne C., compiler. Proceedings--future forests of the Mountain West: a stand culture symposium; 1986 September 29 - October 3; Missoula, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-243. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 226-230. [14236]
  • 38. Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1905 p. [6155]
  • 39. Muraro, S. J. 1968. Prescribed fire--evaluation of hazard abatement. Departmental Publ. No. 1231. Ottawa, ON: Department of Forestry and Rural Development, Forestry Branch. 28 p. [13431]
  • 41. Page-Dumroese, D. S.; Jurgensen, M. F.; Graham, R. T.; Harvey, A. E. 1987. Soil physical & chemical properties associated w. three site preparation techniques & their effects on growth & survival of seedl. in n. Idaho. In: Kossuth, Susan V.; Pywell, Nancy A.,, compilers. Current topics in forest research: emphasis on contributions by women scientists: Proceedings of a national symposium; 1986 November 4-6; Gainesville, FL. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-46. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station: 66-70. [16300]
  • 42. Peterson, David L.; Ryan, Kevin C. 1986. Modeling postfire conifer mortality for long-range planning. Environmental Management. 10(6): 797-808. [6638]
  • 44. Preston, Richard J., Jr. 1948. North American trees. Ames, IA: The Iowa State College Press. 371 p. [1913]
  • 46. Rapraeger, E. F. 1936. Effect of repeated ground fires upon stumpage returns in western white pine. Journal of Forestry. 34: 715-718. [16744]
  • 47. Rehfeldt, G. E.; Stage, A. R.; Bingham, R. T. 1971. Strobili development in western white pine: periodicity, prediction, and assoication with weather. Forest Science. 17(4): 454-461. [12901]
  • 49. Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Brown, James K.; Fischer, William C.; Graham, Russell T. 1991. Woody fuel and duff consumption by prescribed fire in northern Idaho mixed conifer logging slash. Res. Pap. INT-443. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 22 p. [15927]
  • 5. Davis, Kathleen M.; Clayton, Bruce D.; Fischer, William C. 1980. Fire ecology of Lolo National Forest habitat types. INT-79. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 77 p. [5296]
  • 50. Rundel, Philip W.; Parsons, David J.; Gordon, Donald T. 1977. Montane and subalpine vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges. In: Barbour, Michael G.; Major, Jack, eds. Terrestrial vegetation of California. New York: John Wiley & Sons: 559-599. [4235]
  • 51. Ryan, K. C.; Steele, B. M. 1989. Cambium mortality resulting from broadcast burning in mixed conifer shelterwoods. In: MacIver, D. C.; Auld, H.; Whitewood, R., eds. Proceedings of the 10th conference on fire and forest meteorology; 1989 April 17-21; Ottawa, ON. [Place of publication unkown]
  • 52. Sanderson, H. Reed; Bull, Evelyn L.; Edgerton, Paul J. 1980. Bird communities in mixed conifer forests of the interior northwest. In: DeGraaf, Richard M., technical coordinator. Management of western forests and grasslands for nongame birds: Workshop proceedings; 1980 February 11-14; Salt Lake City, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-86. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 224-237. [17907]
  • 53. Schmidt, Wyman C.; Lotan, James E. 1980. Phenology of common forest flora of the northern Rockies--1928 to 1937. Res. Pap. INT-259. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 20 p. [2082]
  • 56. Spalt, Karl W.; Reifsnyder, William E. 1962. Bark characteristics and fire resistance: a literature survey. Occas. Paper 193. New Orleans, LA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station. 19 p. In cooperation with: Yale University, School of Forestry. [266]
  • 57. Stark, N. 1983. The nutrient content of Rocky Mountain vegetation: a handbook for estimating nutrients lost through harvest and burning. Misc. Publ. 14. Missoula, MT: University of Montana, School of Forestry, Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station. 81 p. [8617]
  • 59. Stickney, Peter F. 1985. Data base for early postfire succession on the Sundance Burn, northern Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-189. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 121 p. [7223]
  • 6. Deitschman, Glen H.; Pfister, Robert D. 1973. Growth of released and unreleased young stands in the western white pine type. Res. Pap. INT-132. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 14 p. [12877]
  • 61. Trout, Lester C.; Leege, Thomas A. 1971. Are the northern Idaho elk herds doomed?. Idaho Wildlife Review. Nov-Dec: 3-6. [16731]
  • 62. Turner, Nancy J. 1988. Ethnobotany of coniferous trees in Thompson and Lillooet Interior Salish of British Columbia. Economic Botany. 42(2): 177-194. [4542]
  • 64. Van Dersal, William R. 1938. Native woody plants of the United States, their erosion-control and wildlife values. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 362 p. [4240]
  • 65. Will, G.M.; Youngberg, C.T T. 1979. Some foliage nutrient levels in tree and brush species growing on pumice soils in central Oregon. Northwest Science. 53(4): 274-276; 1979. [2564]
  • 66. Wellersdick, Marilee; Zalunardo, Ray. 1978. Characteristics of snags used by wildlife for nesting and feeding in the Western Cascades, Oregon. Roseburg, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Region 6 Pacific Northwest, Umpqua National Forest. 30 p. [17180]
  • 67. Wellner, Charles A. 1970. Fire history in the northern Rocky Mountains. In: The role of fire in the Intermountain West: Symposium proceedings; 1970 October 27-29; Missoula, MT. Missoula, MT: Intermountain Fire Research Council. In cooperation with: University of Montana, School of Forestry: 42-64. [10548]
  • 68. White, Thain. 1954. Scarred trees in western Montana. Anthropology and Sociology Papers, No. 17. Missoula, MT: Montana State University. 15 p. [15438]
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  • 70. Williams, Ralph E. 1989. Distribution and impacts of annosus root disease in forests of the northern Rocky Mountains. In: Otrosina, William J.; Scharpf, Robert F., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the symposium on research and management of annosus root disease (Heterobasidion annosum) in western North America; 1989 April 18-21; Monterey, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-116. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 51-56. [11322]
  • 71. Cooper, Stephen V.; Neiman, Kenneth E.; Steele, Robert; Roberts, David W. 1987. Forest habitat types of northern Idaho: a second approximation. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-236. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 135 p. [867]
  • 72. Fowells, H. A., compiler. 1965. Silvics of forest trees of the United States. Agric. Handb. 271. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 762 p. [12442]
  • 8. Fischer, William C.; Bradley, Anne F. 1987. Fire ecology of western Montana forest habitat types. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-223. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 95 p. [633]
  • 9. Franklin, Jerry F.; Hemstrom, Miles A. 1981. Aspects of succession in the coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. In: Forest succession: concepts and application. New York: Springer-Verlag: 212-229. [7931]
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  • Douglas ex D. Don. 1832. In: Lambert, Descr. Pinus, ed. 8°, 2: p. s.n. inter 144 et 145.
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  •    
       
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    3. Bingham, R. T., and G. E. Rehfeldt. 1970. Cone and seed yields in  young western white pines. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper INT-79.  Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 12 p. 
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    5. Bingham, R. T., R. J. Hoff, and R. J. Steinhoff. 1972. Genetics of  western white pine. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper WO-12.  Washington, DC. 28 p.
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    7. Boyd, R. J. 1969. Some case histories of natural regeneration in the  western white pine type. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper INT-63.  Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 24 p. 
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    9. Brockway, D. G., C. Topik, M. A. Hemstrom, and W. H. Emmingham.  1983. Plant association and management guide for the Pacific silver fir  zone; Gifford Pinchot National Forest. USDA Forest Service,  R6-Ecol-130a-1983. Pacific Northwest Region, Portland, OR. 312 p.
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    11. Cooper, S. V., K. E. Neiman, R. Steele, and W. David. 1987. Forest  habitat types of northern Idaho: A second approximation. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report INT-236. Intermountain Research  Station, Ogden, UT. 135 p.
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    13. Critchfield, W. B., and E. L. Little, Jr. 1966. Geographic  distribution of the pines of the world. U.S. Department of Agriculture  Miscellaneous Publication 991. Washington, DC. 97 p.
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    15. Deitschman, G. H., and R. D. Pfister. 1973. Growth of released and  unreleased young stands in the western white pine type. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper INT-132. intermountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 14 p.
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    17. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
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    27. Hemstrom, M. A., S. E. Logan, W. Pavlat. 1987. Plant and association  and management guide, Willamette National Forest. USDA Forest Service,  R6-Ecol-257-B-86. Pacific Northwest Region, Portland, OR. 312 p.
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    29. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 386.  Washington, DC. 658 p.
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    31. Hoff, R. J. 1986. Effect of stratification time and seed treatment on  germination of western white pine seed. In Proceedings-Conifer  Tree Seed in the Inland Mountain West symposium. p. 112-116. R. C.  Shearer, comp. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-203.  Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT.
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    33. Krugman, Stanley L., and James L. Jenkinson. 1974. In Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. p. 598-638. C. S. Schopmeyer,  tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450.  Washington, DC.
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    35. Leaphart, C. D. 1958. Root characteristics of western white pine and  associated tree species in a stand affected with pole blight of white  pine. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper INT-52. Intermountain Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 10 p.
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    37. Leaphart, C. D., and A. R. Stage. 1971. Climate: a factor in the  origin of the pole blight disease of Pinus monticola Dougl.  Ecology 52:229-239.
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    39. Minore, Don. 1979. Comparative autecological characteristics of  northwestern tree species-a literature review. USDA Forest Service,  General Technical Report PNW-87. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 72 p.
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    41. Pfister, Robert D., Bernard L. Kovalchik, Stephen F. Arno, and  Richard C. Presby. 1977. Forest habitat types of Montana. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report INT-34. Intermountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 174 p.
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    43. Rehfeldt, G. E. 1979. Ecotypic differentiation in populations of Pinus  monticola in north Idaho-myth or reality. American Naturalist  114:627-636.
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    45. Rehfeldt, G. E., R. J. Hoff, and R. J. Steinhoff. 1984. Geographic  patterns of genetic variation in Pinus monticola. Botanical  Gazette 145:229-239.
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    47. Schmidt, Wyman C., and James E. Lotan. 1980. Phenology of common  forest flora of the northern Rockies-1928 to 1937. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper INT-259. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Ogden, UT. 20 p.
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    49. Shumway, S. E. 1979. Climate. In Forest soils of the  Douglas-fir region. p. 87-91. Paul E. Heilman, Harry W. Anderson, and  David M. Baumgartner, eds. Washington State University Cooperative  Extension Service, Pullman.
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    51. Steinhoff, R. J. 1979. Variation in early growth of western white  pine in north Idaho. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper INT-222.  Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 22 p. 
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    53. Steinhoff, R. J. 1981. Survival and height growth of coastal and  interior western white pine saplings in north Idaho. USDA Forest  Service, Research Note INT-303. Intermountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 3 p.
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    55. Wellner, C. A. 1965. Silvics of western white pine (Pinus  monticola Dougl.). In Silvics of forest trees of the United  States. p. 478-487. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 271. Washington, DC.
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