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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: silverside (English), tinícalo (Espanol)
 
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Goode, 1877)

Reef silverside

Slender, elongate, compressed at rear; belly rounded; eye large 1/3 head length, equal to snout length); head relatively narrow (width 55% of head length), deep, upper profile relatively straight; mouth oblique, top jaw not extendible; top of upper jaw straight, extends to eye, lower jaw with prominent elevation at rear (its height > 1/3 jaw length); teeth small, simple, inconspicuous, in bands on jaws, none on tongue; no forward projecting teeth on front of lower jaw; gill rakers long, slender, 24 or more; 1st  dorsal V-VII spines, well in front of anal; 2nd  dorsal I, 8-10, origin over or just behind anal origin; anal I, 11, about same length as 2nd  dorsal, margin of fin straight; pelvic 2/3 length of pectoral, which is > ¾ length of head; scales small, 42-45 on lateral line, 6 rows above lateral line; bases of dorsal and anal fins not scaled.


Greenish white on back, silvery with bluish reflections below; moderate silver stripe (covering 3rd  row of scales down from top plus edges of two adjacent rows) bordered above by an iridescent blue-green line, from gill opening to tail, at front silver stripe is nearly as wide as pectoral fin base; tips of tail dusky.

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: shallow protected coastal bays and lagoons, and around reefs.

Depth: 0-10 m?

A tropical West Atlantic species that was introduced into our region at Tumaco, Colombia.
   
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Biology

Found on coral reefs. Feeds on zooplankton. Caught with dip nets, with the help of artificial lights. Occurs in large schools in shallow waters (Ref. 26938)
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, TEP non-endemic, Exotic (Introduced)

Regional Endemism: All species, Eastern Pacific non-endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Vagrant

Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Yucatan, Mexico to northern South America. Antilles, western Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Southeast Pacific: known only from Tumaco, Colombia (Ref. 9273).
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Western Atlantic; southeastern Pacific (Colombia).
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (F) - 10 (F)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10; Analsoft rays: 11 - 12
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Size

Length max (cm): 10.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 100 mm TL
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Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
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Diagnostic Description

Head rather narrow, not conspicuously wider than body (Ref. 26938).
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Type Information

Type for Atherina araea
Catalog Number: USNM 34967
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Jordan
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Key West, Monroe County, Florida, United States, Florida Keys, Atlantic
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 10 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 5
  Temperature range (°C): 27.537 - 27.601
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.447 - 0.997
  Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 34.880
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.593 - 4.613
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 0.169
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.033 - 2.813

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 5

Temperature range (°C): 27.537 - 27.601

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.447 - 0.997

Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 34.880

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.593 - 4.613

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 0.169

Silicate (umol/l): 2.033 - 2.813
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Brackish, Non Marine

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Surface, Near Surface, Water column only

Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Water column

FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on zoobenthos and zooplankton (Ref. 26338).
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore, Planktivore

Diet: mobile benthic worms, zooplankton
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Benthic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hypoatherina harringtonensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of potential interest
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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