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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: silverside (English), tinícalo (Espanol)
 
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Goode, 1877)

Reef silverside

Slender, elongate, compressed at rear; belly rounded; eye large 1/3 head length, equal to snout length); head relatively narrow (width 55% of head length), deep, upper profile relatively straight; mouth oblique, top jaw not extendible; top of upper jaw straight, extends to eye, lower jaw with prominent elevation at rear (its height > 1/3 jaw length); teeth small, simple, inconspicuous, in bands on jaws, none on tongue; no forward projecting teeth on front of lower jaw; gill rakers long, slender, 24 or more; 1st  dorsal V-VII spines, well in front of anal; 2nd  dorsal I, 8-10, origin over or just behind anal origin; anal I, 11, about same length as 2nd  dorsal, margin of fin straight; pelvic 2/3 length of pectoral, which is > ¾ length of head; scales small, 42-45 on lateral line, 6 rows above lateral line; bases of dorsal and anal fins not scaled.


Greenish white on back, silvery with bluish reflections below; moderate silver stripe (covering 3rd  row of scales down from top plus edges of two adjacent rows) bordered above by an iridescent blue-green line, from gill opening to tail, at front silver stripe is nearly as wide as pectoral fin base; tips of tail dusky.

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: shallow protected coastal bays and lagoons, and around reefs.

Depth: 0-10 m?

A tropical West Atlantic species that was introduced into our region at Tumaco, Colombia.
   
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Biology

Found on coral reefs. Feeds on zooplankton. Caught with dip nets, with the help of artificial lights. Occurs in large schools in shallow waters (Ref. 26938)
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Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, TEP non-endemic, Exotic (Introduced)

Regional Endemism: All species, Eastern Pacific non-endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Vagrant

Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Yucatan, Mexico to northern South America. Antilles, western Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Southeast Pacific: known only from Tumaco, Colombia (Ref. 9273).
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Western Atlantic; southeastern Pacific (Colombia).
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (F) - 10 (F)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10; Analsoft rays: 11 - 12
  • Smith, C.L. 1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. (Ref. 26938)
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Size

Length max (cm): 10.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 100 mm TL
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Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Diagnostic Description

Head rather narrow, not conspicuously wider than body (Ref. 26938).
  • Smith, C.L. 1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. (Ref. 26938)
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Type Information

Type for Atherina araea
Catalog Number: USNM 34967
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Jordan
Year Collected: 1883
Locality: Key West, Monroe County, Florida, United States, Florida Keys, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 10 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 5
  Temperature range (°C): 27.537 - 27.601
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.447 - 0.997
  Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 34.880
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.593 - 4.613
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 0.169
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.033 - 2.813

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 5

Temperature range (°C): 27.537 - 27.601

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.447 - 0.997

Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 34.880

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.593 - 4.613

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 0.169

Silicate (umol/l): 2.033 - 2.813
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Brackish, Non Marine

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Surface, Near Surface, Water column only

Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Water column

FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on zoobenthos and zooplankton (Ref. 26338).
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Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore, Planktivore

Diet: mobile benthic worms, zooplankton
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Benthic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hypoatherina harringtonensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of potential interest
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