Articles on this page are available in 1 other language: Chinese (Simplified) (4) (learn more)

Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: goatfish (English), salmonete (Espanol)
 
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1831)

Yellowfin goatfish



Body elongate, cylindrical, underside of head and body nearly flat; snout blunt; eye high on side of head; mouth small, at lower edge of head, protrusible, top jaw not reaching to under front of eye;  relatively small villiform or conical teeth; no teeth on roof of mouth; gill rakers 31-36  (average 33); chin with a pair of large, long barbells, barbel length 20-26% of SL (average 22.9%); opercle with a spine; 2 well-separated dorsal fins, VIII (first spine minute, often embedded) + I, 8; anal rays I-II, 6; pectoral rays 17 (16-17), fin 19.2-23.2% of SL (average 21.1%); a forked tail; scales large, slightly rough, 36-42 on lateral line; 6 rows of scales between 2 dorsal fins.



Body silvery white; a blue-edged yellow stripe along its center; tail and other median fins yellow.


Size: reaches 31 cm.

Habitat: rocky and Coral reefs and adjacent sand areas.

Depth: 2-115 m.

Widespread throughout the Indo-central Pacific. While it was not thought to occur in the tropical eastern Pacific its occurrence there was demonstrated by genetic analysis. Very similar to M. dentatus, but differs in having, on average, more pectoral fin rays, a slightly longer pectoral fin, slightly longer barbels and more gill rakers. These differences are so slight that in practice it is probably not possible to separate all individals of the two species when they are together at the same location.
   
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Biology

This occasionally schooling species inhabits sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). In large inactive aggregations by day, dispersing to sand flats to feed at night (Ref. 9710). Sometimes mixes with blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira and shows blue stripes (Ref. 48636). Feeds on small worms and crustaceans. Also caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, TEP non-endemic, Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans), "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific), All Pacific (West + Central + East)

Regional Endemism: All species, Eastern Pacific non-endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Comores and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Joseph Bonaparte Gulf (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe, Norfolk
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth

Depth Range (m): 2 (S) - 115 (S)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 7
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Length max (cm): 31.0 (S)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Maximum size: 380 mm TL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

Description

This occasionally schooling species inhabits sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Feeds on small worms and crustaceans at night. Also caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Back red-orange, sides and belly whitish; yellow longitudinal band present; no dark blotch on under middle of 1st dorsal fin (Ref. 5405). All fins yellow (Ref. 48636).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 5 - 113m.
From 5 to 113 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 - 113 m (Ref. 9710)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 18 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 11 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.4575 - 204
  Temperature range (°C): 4.157 - 28.941
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.068 - 26.519
  Salinity (PPS): 33.757 - 36.148
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.422 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.092 - 2.449
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 62.941

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.4575 - 204

Temperature range (°C): 4.157 - 28.941

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.068 - 26.519

Salinity (PPS): 33.757 - 36.148

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.422 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.092 - 2.449

Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 62.941
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Rocks, Corals, Reef and soft bottom, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Sand & gravel

FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

Occur inshore (Ref. 75154). Form large schools during the day; solitary or in small groups at night when feeding. Juveniles usually found offshore in late summer (Ref. 4887).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, bony fishes
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Mulloidichthys vanicolensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 29
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data: Mulloidichthys vanicolensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 8 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATGGTAGGAACGGCTTTAAGCCTTCTTATTCGTGCTGAGCTTAGTCAACCCGGCGCTCTCCTAGGCGACGATCAAATCTACAACGTAATTGTTACAGCACACGCCTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATGGTCATGCCAATCATGATTGGTGGGTTCGGTAACTGACTGATCCCTCTTATGATCGGAGCCCCAGATATGGCCTTCCCACGAATGAACAACATGAGCTTCTGACTCCTTCCCCCTTCTTTCCTACTCCTACTCGCCTCTTCAGGTGTTGAAGCCGGGGCTGGGACTGGATGAACCGTTTATCCCCCTCTAGCAGGCAATCTGGCCCACGCCGGAGCCTCAGTAGACCTAACCATCTTCTCCCTCCACCTAGCGGGGATCTCTTCTATTCTAGGGGCCATTAATTTTATTACCACAATTATTAATATGAAACCCCCAGCAATTTCGCAGTACCAAACACCTCTNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Not Evaluated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
  • Kumaran, M. and J.E. Randall 1984 Mullidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 3. (Ref. 3470)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3470&speccode=5983 External link.
  • Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga 1990 Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p. (Ref. 5213)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5213&speccode=151 External link.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Yellowfin goatfish

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis, the yellowfin goatfish, is a species of goatfish native to the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.[1]

Description[edit]

M. vanicolensis can reach a maximum length of 38 cm (15 in).[1] The back is red-orange, while the flanks and the belly are whitish and the fins are yellow. The sides show a yellow longitudinal band. This species feeds on crustaceans or worms at night. By day, it forms large aggregations.[1]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

These fish are widespread in the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea to Hawaii and the Tuamotus, north to Japan and to Lord Howe Island to the south.[1] The yellowfin goatfish is a reef-associated species. It usually can be found in lagoons and seaward reefs at depths of 1–113 m (3.3–370.7 ft).[1]

Parasites[edit]

Two genera of monogenean gill parasites, namely Volsellituba and Pennulituba, with a total of five different species, including V. orchidea, V. nabla, V. elephantina, P. piratifalx, and P. cymansis, have been reported from the yellowfin goatfish off New Caledonia, and were apparently found only on this species of fish.[2] The apocreadiid digenean Homalometron moraveci is found in the intestine.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Mulloidichthys vanicolensis" in FishBase. December 2013 version.
  2. ^ Řehulková, E.; Justine, JL.; Gelnar, M. (Feb 2010). "Five new monogenean species from the gills of Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Perciformes: Mullidae) off New Caledonia, with the proposal of Volsellituba n. g. and Pennulituba n. g. (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae).". Systematic Parasitology 75 (2): 125–45. doi:10.1007/s11230-009-9225-3. PMID 20119705. 
  3. ^ Bray, R. A., Justine, J.-L. & Cribb, T. H. 2007: Homalometron moraveci n. sp. (Digenea: Apocreadiidae) in the yellowfin goatfish, Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes, 1831) (Perciformes: Mullidae), from New Caledonia and the Great Barrier Reef, with a checklist of digeneans of Mulloidichthys species. Zootaxa, 1525, 41-49.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, USA, 1997.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd. Ed. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons. Any 1994.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed., London: Macdonald. Any 1985.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!