Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

High-oceanic, found between 375-1,000 m during the day and between 45-150 m at night. Spawns from winter to spring.
  • Bauchot, M.-L. 1987 Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3397&speccode=2504 External link.
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Distribution

between 56°N to 40.65°N
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Range Description

This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It occurs in the west Mediterranean Sea (Fischer et al. 1987): Adriatic Sea (Bombace and Froglia 1973), Catalonian coasts (Sabates and Maso 1992), Balearic Islands and Algerian basin (Moranta et al. 1998), Aegean Sea (Keskin pers. obs.), Marmara Sea (Bilecenoglu et al. 2002), and Greek seas (Papaconstantinou 1988).
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Mediterranean Sea: endemic to the western region.
  • Bauchot, M.-L. 1987 Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3397&speccode=2504 External link.
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Mediterranean Sea endemic.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 106 mm ---
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Max. size

10.6 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397))
  • Bauchot, M.-L. 1987 Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3397&speccode=2504 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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High-oceanic, found between 375-1,000 m during the day and between 45-150 m at night
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is an oceanic and mesopelagic species. It occurs between 375 and 1,000 m during daytime and between 45 and 150 m in night (Fischer et al. 1987).

Spawning occurs from winter to spring. Considered the most important prey of Plesionika gigliolii and Plesionika edwardsii in the western Mediterranean.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 45 - 1000 m
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Depth range based on 36 specimens in 3 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 31 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 46 - 3050
  Temperature range (°C): 2.826 - 15.407
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.838 - 21.032
  Salinity (PPS): 34.948 - 38.495
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.191 - 6.525
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.205 - 1.405
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.642 - 32.983

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 46 - 3050

Temperature range (°C): 2.826 - 15.407

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.838 - 21.032

Salinity (PPS): 34.948 - 38.495

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.191 - 6.525

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.205 - 1.405

Silicate (umol/l): 1.642 - 32.983
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 45 - 1000m.
From 45 to 1000 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Normally occurs at depths of about 150-200 m (Ref. 26335).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Notoscopelus elongatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Papakonstantinou, C., Massuti, E. & Palmeri, A. and Keskin, Ç.

Reviewer/s
Kara, M. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread and common in at least parts of its range. Therefore this species is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is fairly common in the west Mediterranean Sea although scarce in east parts. On Catalonian coasts, the frequency of occurrence of this species in the ichthyoplancton is 1% (Sabates and Maso 1992).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is not commercially exploited. There are no known major threats.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No specific conservation measures are in place for this species. However, this species may be found in Marine Protected Areas within its distribution range.
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