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Overview

Brief Summary

Brill are flatfish that can camouflage themselves very well by taking on the color or pattern of the surroundings. Because they are practically invisible, they can easily catch passing shrimp and fish from their hiding place. Unlike most other flatfish, brill have both eyes located on the left side of the body. While young brill eat shrimp, older animals switch over to fish: first gobies, later on lesser sandeel, herring and young cod.
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Comprehensive Description

Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Aegean Sea : 24300-472 (2 spc.); 24300-464 (1 spc.) .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 52-52, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Lives on sandy or mixed bottoms; feeds on bottom-living fishes and larger crustaceans. Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
  • Bauchot, M.-L. 1987 Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3397&speccode=2504 External link.
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Description

The Brill is a very large, broad bodied, left-eyed flatfish. The dorsal fin starts just above the large curved mouth. The first few rays of the dorsal fin are not entirely connected by the fin membrane, giving it a rather frilly appearance. The lateral line is strongly curved in hte region of the pectoral fin. It is usually sandy brown in colour with lighter and darker flecks and spots, however the spots are absent from the tail fin. The underside is creamy-white. Like many flatfish the brill is capable of camouflage and can change its colour to match that of the seabed. Adult fish can grow to 75cm in length although most are less than 50cm. The brill is sometimes confused with the turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) however the latter has no frilly edge at the front of the dorsal fin.
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Distribution

Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Eastern North Atlantic: Iceland and Norway to Morocco.
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Eastern Atlantic: 68°N to Morocco. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Also known throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
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Widespread all around the coasts of Britain and Ireland although it is more common in the south.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 750 mm SL
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Max. size

75.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388)); max. published weight: 8,000 g (Ref. 35388); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 38118)
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Diagnostic Description

Thinner and more slender body. Skin with small, smooth scales, without bony tubercle. Able to change color of the eyed side, matching the bottom they rest on. Color is often olive green, with dark and light spots (Ref. 35388).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth: 5 - 50m.
From 5 to 50 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Environment

demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 5 - 50 m (Ref. 6302)
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Depth range based on 5544 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2272 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -9 - 245
  Temperature range (°C): 5.722 - 12.243
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.402 - 16.868
  Salinity (PPS): 9.183 - 35.469
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.495 - 7.708
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.250 - 1.655
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.987 - 42.456

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -9 - 245

Temperature range (°C): 5.722 - 12.243

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.402 - 16.868

Salinity (PPS): 9.183 - 35.469

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.495 - 7.708

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.250 - 1.655

Silicate (umol/l): 0.987 - 42.456
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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This species usually lives on sandy seabeds but is sometimes encountered on gravel or mud. Juvenile fish only a few centimetres in length are often seen by people paddling by the water's edge or in rockpools on the low shore.
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Scophthalmus rhombus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTTTATCTTATCTCGGGGGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTGGGCACCGGCCTC---AGCCTACTAATTCGTGCTGAACTTAGCCAACCAGGAGCCCTCCTGGGCGAT---GACCAAATTTATAATGTAATCGTAACGGCTCATGCTTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTCATAGTTATGCCAATCATGATTGGGGGCTTTGGCAATTGACTTATTCCTCTTATG---CTTGGTGCCCCTGACATAGCATTTCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGCTTATGACTTTTACCCCCCTCATTTCTCCTCCTATTAGCCTCCTCTGGTGTAGAAGCTGGAGCAGGAACTGGATGAACTGTGTACCCTCCCCTATCCGGAAATATGGCCCACGCGGGAGCATCTGTAGACCTA---ACTATCTTTTCTTTACACCTAGCAGGAATTTCCTCTATCTTAGGAGCTATCAACTTTATTACAACTATTATTAACATGAAACCTACAACTGTGTCCATATATCAAATCCCACTGTTCGTCTGAGCTGTTCTTATTACAGCCGTACTTCTCCTATTATCTCTCCCAGTTCTAGCTGCT---GGTATTACAATGCTACTTACAGATCGGAACCTTAACACCGCCTTCTTTGACCCCGCTGGGGGAGGAGACCCGATTTTATACCACCACCTA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Scophthalmus rhombus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
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Wikipedia

Brill (fish)

For other uses of the word Brill, see Brill (disambiguation).

The brill, Scophthalmus rhombus, is a species of flatfish in the turbot family (Scophthalmidae) of the order Pleuronectiformes. Brill can be found in the North Atlantic, Baltic Sea, and Mediterranean, primarily in deeper offshore waters.[1]

Brill have slender bodies, brown covered with lighter and darker coloured flecks, excluding the tailfin; the underside of the fish is usually cream coloured or pinkish white. Like other flatfish the brill has the ability to match its colour to the surroundings. Brills are on average between 40 cm to 75 cm in length and weigh up 3 kg. Part of the dorsal fin of the fish is not connected to the fin membrane, which gives the fish a frilly appearance. They are sometimes confused with the Turbot (Psetta maxima), which is more diamond-shaped, which is related and with which hybrids can be produced. On the west coast of Canada local fisherman refer to the Petrale Sole, Eopsetta jordanii as brill.

Name in other languages[edit]

Brill
LanguageName
GalicianCoruxo
FrenchBarbue
ItalianRombo Liscio
CatalanRèmol
DanishSlethvar
DutchGriet
PolishNagład
SwedishSlätvar
NorwegianSlettvar
GermanGlattbutt
RomanianCalcan
GreekΚαλκάνι (Calcani)
PortugueseRodovalho
SloveneGladki romb
SpanishRombo
FinnishSilokampela
UkrainianКалкан гладенький
EstonianSile kammeljas
LithuanianRombas

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whiteman, Kate (2000). The world encyclopedia of Fish and Shellfishes. Hermes House. p. 256. ISBN 1-84309-666-8. 
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