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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur in steep outer reef, occasionally in deep lagoons and along channel walls, usually in current prone habitats and where there are abundant gorgonian and long sea-whip corals on which they lay and guard eggs. Juveniles in small groups often found among large sea fans or black corals. Feed on zooplankton (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Andaman Sea (Ref. 7247) and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Rowly Shoals (eastern Indian Ocean)and New Caledonia. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 16; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 14 - 15
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Size

Maximum size: 120 mm SL
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Max. size

13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636))
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Diagnostic Description

Overall color is golden yellow with small bluish or purplish spots on the face.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 45 m (Ref. 7247), usually 12 - 45 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 16 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 43
  Temperature range (°C): 24.353 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.054 - 0.834
  Salinity (PPS): 32.613 - 35.481
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.814
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.071 - 0.359
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 5.009

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 43

Temperature range (°C): 24.353 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.054 - 0.834

Salinity (PPS): 32.613 - 35.481

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.814

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.071 - 0.359

Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 5.009
 
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Depth: 3 - 45m.
From 3 to 45 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Occur in steep outer reef, occasionally in deep lagoons and along channel walls, usually where there are abundant gorgonian corals. Juveniles often found among large sea fans or black corals. Feed on zooplankton.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus, known commonly as the golden damselfish, golden sergeant, and golden devil, is a species of marine fish in the family Pomacentridae, the damselfishes and clownfishes.[1][2][3] It is native to the central Indo-Pacific.[1]

Description[edit]

This fish reaches 13 centimeters in length. It is yellow with blue or purple spots on its face.[1] Some individuals have dark blotches on their sides.[2]

Biology[edit]

The fish lives in outer reef habitat, deep lagoons, and areas where there is an ocean current. It lives among gorgonians, laying its eggs on them, and then the male guards and tends them until they hatch. The diet is made up of zooplankton.[1] It is solitary or lives in small groups.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Eds. Amblyglyphidodon aureus. FishBase. 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Golden Damsel, Amblyglyphidodon aureus (Cuvier, 1830). Australian Museum.
  3. ^ Amblyglyphidodon aureus. ITIS.
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