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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur in steep outer reef, occasionally in deep lagoons and along channel walls, usually in current prone habitats and where there are abundant gorgonian and long sea-whip corals on which they lay and guard eggs. Juveniles in small groups often found among large sea fans or black corals. Feed on zooplankton (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Eggs laid usually on gorgonian dead branches (Ref. 90102). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Andaman Sea (Ref. 7247) and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Rowly Shoals (eastern Indian Ocean)and New Caledonia. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 16; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 14 - 15
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Size

Maximum size: 120 mm SL
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Max. size

13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636))
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 304-622 p. (Ref. 48636)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Head and body golden yellow, spots blue small on the face; fins yellow. Body depth 1.5-1.7 in SL. Suborbital scaleless (Ref. 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 45 m (Ref. 7247), usually 12 - 45 m (Ref. 9710)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 16 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 43
  Temperature range (°C): 24.353 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.054 - 0.834
  Salinity (PPS): 32.613 - 35.481
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.814
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.071 - 0.359
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 5.009

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 43

Temperature range (°C): 24.353 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.054 - 0.834

Salinity (PPS): 32.613 - 35.481

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.814

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.071 - 0.359

Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 5.009
 
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Depth: 3 - 45m.
From 3 to 45 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Occur in steep outer reef, occasionally in deep lagoons and along channel walls, usually where there are abundant gorgonian corals. Juveniles often found among large sea fans or black corals. Feed on zooplankton.
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
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Wikipedia

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus, known commonly as the golden damselfish, golden sergeant, and golden devil, is a species of marine fish in the family Pomacentridae, the damselfishes and clownfishes.[1][2][3] It is native to the central Indo-Pacific.[1]

Description[edit]

This fish reaches 13 centimeters in length. It is yellow with blue or purple spots on its face.[1] Some individuals have dark blotches on their sides.[2]

Biology[edit]

The fish lives in outer reef habitat, deep lagoons, and areas where there is an ocean current. It lives among gorgonians, laying its eggs on them, and then the male guards and tends them until they hatch. The diet is made up of zooplankton.[1] It is solitary or lives in small groups.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Eds. Amblyglyphidodon aureus. FishBase. 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Golden Damsel, Amblyglyphidodon aureus (Cuvier, 1830). Australian Museum.
  3. ^ Amblyglyphidodon aureus. ITIS.
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