IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: wrasse (English), vieja (Espanol)
Stethojulis bandanensis (Bleeker, 1851)

Red-shouldered wrasse

Body elongate fusiform; head pointed; mouth small, opens at front, ends under nostrils; teeth conical, uniform in size, no enlarged canines; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 11; pectoral rays 14-15;  lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent under rear of dorsal fin; scales large, 25 on lateral line; scales on chest not smaller than others on body head scaleless.

IP: grey brown with a thin white stripe along head below eye, continuing along most of body; numerous small white spots on upper half of side; a pair of small, black and white ocelli on center of tail base; an orange blotch above base of pectoral fin; a yellow blotch on side of snout below and before eye; TP:  blue-green on upper half, bluish below; a bright red patch above pectoral fin base; 4 thin blue stripes on head, continuing onto body; uppermost and lowermost stripes continue along base of dorsal fin and from pectoral base back to tail fin, respectively, 2 central stripes end above and a little behind pectoral base. 

Size: grows to 15 cm.

Habitat: associated with rocky and coral reefs.

Depth: 0-15 m.

Widespread in the tropical Pacific Ocean from Australia to southern Japan and eastward; scattered eastern Pacific locations - the SW and SE Gulf of California, Costa Rica, western Panama, Isla del Coco, Malpelo, Clipperton and the Galapagos, Gorgona Island in Colombia.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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