IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: wrasse (English), vieja (Espanol)
 
Stethojulis bandanensis (Bleeker, 1851)


Red-shouldered wrasse



Body elongate fusiform; head pointed; mouth small, opens at front, ends under nostrils; teeth conical, uniform in size, no enlarged canines; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 11; pectoral rays 14-15;  lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent under rear of dorsal fin; scales large, 25 on lateral line; scales on chest not smaller than others on body head scaleless.



IP: grey brown with a thin white stripe along head below eye, continuing along most of body; numerous small white spots on upper half of side; a pair of small, black and white ocelli on center of tail base; an orange blotch above base of pectoral fin; a yellow blotch on side of snout below and before eye; TP:  blue-green on upper half, bluish below; a bright red patch above pectoral fin base; 4 thin blue stripes on head, continuing onto body; uppermost and lowermost stripes continue along base of dorsal fin and from pectoral base back to tail fin, respectively, 2 central stripes end above and a little behind pectoral base. 



Size: grows to 15 cm.

Habitat: associated with rocky and coral reefs.

Depth: 0-15 m.

Widespread in the tropical Pacific Ocean from Australia to southern Japan and eastward; scattered eastern Pacific locations - the SW and SE Gulf of California, Costa Rica, western Panama, Isla del Coco, Malpelo, Clipperton and the Galapagos, Gorgona Island in Colombia.
   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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