Habitat and Ecology
This species may be particularly susceptible to decline. All seahorse species have vital parental care and many species studied to date have high site fidelity (Perante et al. 2002, Vincent et al. in review), highly structured social behaviour (Vincent and Sadler 1995), and relatively sparse distributions (Lourie et al. 1999). The importance of life history parameters in determining response to exploitation has been demonstrated for a number of species (Jennings et al. 1998).
From 1 to 25 meters.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Hippocampus subelongatus
Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.
Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hippocampus subelongatus
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- Needs updating
Recent research on H. subelongatus focuses mainly on reproductive behaviour (Jones et al. 1998, Kvarnemo et al. 2000) and aquaculture (Payne and Rippingale 2000). Appropriate data on distribution and abundance in the wild, and on fishing mortality, are not yet available. Further research is needed in order to evaluate the status of the species.
In addition to exploitation for the aquarium trade, habitat degeneration is a potential threat to the species.
Tiger snout seahorse
The tiger snout seahorse or West Australian seahorse (Hippocampus subelongatus) is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family. It is endemic to Australia. Its natural habitats are open seas and shallow seas.
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- Project Seahorse 2002. Hippocampus subelongatus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 August 2007.
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