The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
  • Evermann, Barton Warren, 1835-1932. 1899. Report on Investigations by the United States Fish Commission in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas in 1897. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the Commissioner (United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries), 1897/1898; Plate 36
  • J. de Physique, 88, 418.
  • Nash, C. W. 1908. Vertebrates of Ontario. Toronto, ONT : L. K. Cameron; Facing page 100
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • New York (State). Forest, Fish and Game Commissioner. 1907. Annual Reports of the Forest, Fish and Game Commissioner of the State of New York for 1904-1905-1906 (10th-12th). Albany, NY : J. B. Lyon Company, State Printers; Facing page 218
  • Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262


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