Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Kura in Caspian basin in Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan

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Asia: Armenia, Azerbaidjan, Turkey and Iran.
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Georgia, Europe; Turkey.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Analspines: 2 - 3; Analsoft rays: 5
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Size

Max. size

6.6 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 31729))
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Fast to very fast flowing streams and rivers with gravel or rocky substrate. Usually most common in riffles and rapids in the middle of the river.

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

demersal; freshwater; pH range: 7.0; dH range: 20
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
Freyhof, J.

Reviewer/s
Ekmeki, F. & Smith, K.

Contributor/s

Justification

Many populations of this species have been lost due to dam constructions during the last few decades and this trend is actually increasing. However, this loach is widespread and inhabits relatively small rivers and streams, that it is not considered to be in a real risk of extinction or to be declining enough in the past 10 years (or next 10 years) to be close to meeting any of the threat categories. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1996
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Kottelat, M.

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s

History
  • 1996
    Data Deficient (DD)
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Population

Population

This species is widespread and locally abundant within its distribution area but locally populations are lost step by step due to the exlpoitation of rivers for hydropower and due to dams keeping the water for domestic and agricultural use.


Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The construction of dams for various reasons, especially for hydropower, is the major thread for this highly rheophilic species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

There is no conservation action in place for this species.

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Wikipedia

Kura Loach

The Kura loach (Oxynoemacheilus brandtii) is an Asian species of freshwater fish, occurring in Armenia, Azerbaidjan, Turkey and Iran.

Footnotes[edit]


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Orthrias brandti

Orthrias brandti is a species of ray-finned fish in the Balitoridae family. It is found in Georgia and Turkey. Can be found also in Northern Greece, in the rivers Strymon and Nestos, so probably also in South Bulgaria.

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