Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults are pelagic or epibenthic and confined to coastal waters over the continental shelf. They feed on fishes and shrimps.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Santos, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Western Atlantic.
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Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Santos, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626); absent from Bahamas and most islands.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Nova Scotia, Canada to Santos, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea; absent from Bahamas and most islands.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray, 1986; Cervigón, F., 1993.
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Source: Gulf of Maine Area Census of Marine Life

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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 750 mm TL
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Max. size

75.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)); max. published weight: 5,200 g (Ref. 3277)
  • Berry, F.H. and W.F. Smith-Vaniz 1978 Carangidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.]. (Ref. 3277)
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to 75 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. weight: 5,200 g.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray, 1986; Cervigón, F., 1993.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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Adults are pelagic or epibenthic and confined to coastal waters over the continental shelf.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

benthopelagic; marine
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Depth range based on 147 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 62 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 129
  Temperature range (°C): 9.447 - 25.997
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.286 - 10.799
  Salinity (PPS): 32.865 - 36.315
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.519 - 6.300
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.898
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 7.040

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 129

Temperature range (°C): 9.447 - 25.997

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.286 - 10.799

Salinity (PPS): 32.865 - 36.315

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.519 - 6.300

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.898

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 7.040
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Benthopelagic; marine. Mainly in coastal waters over the continental shelf.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray, 1986; Cervigón, F., 1993.
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Adults are pelagic or epibenthic and confined to coastal waters over the continental shelf. Feeds on fishes and shrimps.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Fishes and shrimps.
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray, 1986; Cervigón, F., 1993.
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on fishes and shrimps
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Reproduction

no information
  • Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray, 1986; Cervigón, F., 1993.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Seriola zonata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Seriola zonata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums; price category: very high; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
  • Nigrelli, R.F. 1959 Longevity of fishes in captivity, with special reference to those kept in the New York Aquarium. p. 212-230. In G.E.W. Wolstehnolmen and M. O'Connor (eds.) Ciba Foundation Colloquium on Ageing: the life span of animals. Vol. 5., Churchill, London. (Ref. 273)
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