Catalog Number: US 1205344
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. Ehrenberg
Year Collected: 1837
Locality: Real del Mote, Huajolate., Mexico, Central America
- Type collection: Schlechter, F. R. R. 1838. Linnaea. 12: 496.
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Taxus globosa
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Taxus globosa
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 1997Rare(Walter and Gillett 1998)
Taxus globosa or Mexican yew is an evergreen shrub and one of the eight species of yew. The Mexican yew is a rare species, only known to be found in a small number of locations in eastern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, and is listed as an endangered species. The Mexican yew is a shrub that grows to an average height of 4.6m. It has large, sharp light green needles growing in ranks on either side of its branches.
There are several projects in order to produce Paclitaxel (an anti-tumor agent) around the world, but Mexican yew has not been as well studied because its low production of Taxol (Bringi et al., 1995)  by in vitro plant cell cultures. Few researchers focus their work on this species, the team leader on Taxus globosa S. is perhaps that of Barradas at Veracruz Institute of Technology (Instituto Tecnológico de Veracruz).
- Taxus globosa, Schlectendahl, 1838, found here retrieved on March 10, 2007
- Bringi V, Prakash G. K., Prince C. L., Schubmehl B. F., Kane E. J., Roach B.. 1995. “Enhanced production of taxol and taxanes by cell cultures of taxus species”. Patent number (USA): 5407816, Assigned to: Phyton Catalytic Inc.
- Barradas, D. D. Ma., Hayward, J. P. M., Mata, R. M., Palmeros, S. B., Platas, B. O. B. J., Velázquez, T. R. F.. (2010). Taxus globosa S. cell lines: Initiation, selection and characterization in terms of growth, and of baccatin III and paclitaxel production. Biocell, 34 (1), 1-6.
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