Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Hesionidae is prey of:
Dasyatis sabina
Arius felis
Anchoa mitchilli
Menidia beryllina
Lagodon rhomboides
Leiostomus xanthurus
Syngnathus scovelli
Hippocampus zosterae
Sciaenops ocellatus
Bucephala albeaola
Rallus longirostris
Charadrius semipalmatus
sediment POC
Pinixia floridana
Neopanope texana
Processa bermudiensis
Penaeus duoarum
Palaemonetes floridanus
Platichthys flesus

Based on studies in:
USA: Florida (Estuarine)
Scotland (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
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Known prey organisms

Hesionidae preys on:
Elasmopus levis
Lembos rectangularis
Acunmindeutopus naglei
Melita
Synchelidium
Ampithoe longimana
Cymadusa compta
Batea catharinensis
Listriella barnardi
Lysianopsis alba
Caprella penantis
Brachiodontes exustus
Bivalvia
Crepidula fornicata
Crepidula convexa
Argopecten irradians
Chione cancellata
bacteria
Microfauna
meiofauna
Amphipoda
Acteon punctostriatus
Cadulus carolinesis
Swartziella catesbyana
Acetocina candei
Truncatella pulchella
Nassarius vibex
Olivella mutica
Haminoea succinea
Amphitritidae
Pectanaridae
Hylina veliei
Syllidae
Orbiniidae
Paraonidae
Spionidae
Cirratulidae
Capitellidae
Maldanidae
Aricidea
Jaspidella jaspidea
Mangelia plicosa
POM

Based on studies in:
USA: Florida (Estuarine)
Scotland (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:529
Specimens with Sequences:502
Specimens with Barcodes:257
Species:53
Species With Barcodes:52
Public Records:433
Public Species:39
Public BINs:40
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Genomic DNA is available from 4 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Moscow State Univ
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© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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Wikipedia

Hesionidae

Hesionidae are a family of phyllodocid "bristle worms" (class Polychaeta). They are (like almost all polychaetes) marine organisms. Most are found on the continental shelf; Hesiocaeca methanicola[verification needed] is found on methane ice, where it feeds on bacterial biofilms.

A characteristic apomorphy of the Hesionidae are the cirrophores of the anterior segments, which are well-developed cup-like sheaths; the cirri of the subsequent segments insert into the parapodia directly, or with just a vestigial cirrophore.[1]

Systematics

As phyllodocids, the Hesionidae belong to the order Aciculata, one of the three main clades of polychaetes. They appear to be part of the basal radiation of the main lineage of phyllodocids, alongside such families as the ragworms (Nereididae), the Pilargidae and Sphaerodoridae which are closely related to each other, the very ancient Syllidae, and perhaps the more advanced catworms (Nephtyidae). [2]

Numerous genera are still treated as Hesionidae incertae sedis, not reliably assignable to either of the three generally recognized hesionid subfamilies:[3]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Pleijel et al. (2008)
  2. ^ Rouse & Fauchald (1998)
  3. ^ Pleijel et al. (2008), WoRMS (2008)

References


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