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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits areas of rich coral growth from near shore to the outer reef slope (Ref. 4313). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Cryptic. Venomous spines (Ref. 4313). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1986 Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to Lord Howe Island.
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1986 Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, and Tonga.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 5 - 6
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Size

Maximum size: 140 mm NG
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Max. size

14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Diagnostic Description

Interorbital area and snout scaled; small spines at midline between tympanic spines frequently present; interorbital spines present; extra spines usually present on upper rear margin of eye after supraocular spine; dorsal spine, usually non longer than orbit diameter; body often covered with small skin flaps (Ref. 10482). Distinguished from other species of Scorpaenodes by having suborbital ridge with more than 5 spinous points, usually with 10 or more in adults (Ref. 10482).Description: Characterized by having generally mottled reddish to brown color; anterior body frequently has large white area; caudal peduncle with pale bar; presence of coronal spines; depth of body 2.7-3.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Description

Inhabits areas of rich coral growth from near shore to the outer reef slope at depth of 49 m. Cryptic. Venomous spines.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 3 - 49 m (Ref. 9710)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 128 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 82 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 37
  Temperature range (°C): 22.368 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.043 - 2.714
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 36.148
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.446 - 5.032
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.507
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.910 - 4.892

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 37

Temperature range (°C): 22.368 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.043 - 2.714

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 36.148

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.446 - 5.032

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.507

Silicate (umol/l): 0.910 - 4.892
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 3 - 49m.
From 3 to 49 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Found inshore (Ref. 75154). Conceal themselves in the interstices of corals, lying in wait for small prey to venture close enough to be captured (Ref. 275).
  • Hiatt, R.W. and D.W. Strasburg 1960 Ecological relationships of the fish fauna on coral reefs of the Marshall Islands. Ecol. Monogr. 30(1):65-127. (Ref. 275)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Scorpaenodes parvipinnis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CACCCTCTATCTAGTATTCGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGCACAGCCCTAAGTCTGCTTATCCGGGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCCGGCGCTCTCCTTGGAGATGACCAAATTTATAATGTCATCGTTACAGCACATGCCTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATGATTGGAGGGTTTGGAAACTGACTCATCCCACTAATGATTGGAGCCCCCGATATAGCATTTCCTCGCATGAATAACATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTTCCACCCTCTTTTCTCCTACTCCTGGCTTCTTCGGGGGTTGAGGCTGGCGCTGGAACGGGCTGAACAGTCTACCCGCCCTTGGCCGGTAACTTAGCCCACGCCGGTGCATCCGTCGACCTTACAATCTTTTCCCTGCACTTAGCAGGGATTTCATCAATCCTCGGTGCAATTAATTTTATCACCACAATCATTAATATAAAACCACCAGCAATTTCCCAATACCAGACTCCTTTATTTGTTTGGGCTGTGTTAATTACTGCCGTTCTTCTCCTCCTATCACTTCCAGTCCTTGCTGCAGGCATTACAATGCTCCTCACAGACCGGAACCTTAACACCACTTTTTTCGACCCCGCAGGCGGGGGGGACCCAATCCTTTACCAACACCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Scorpaenodes parvipinnis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
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