Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits reef margins and seaward slopes (Ref. 9710). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 9710.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is found throughout the Red Sea, from Saudi Arabia to Jordan, Israel, Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia.
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Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea (Ref. 8883). Reported to have formed a hybrid with Thalassoma lunare (Ref. 41655).
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Red Sea endemic.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 200 mm TL
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 8883))
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The main habitat of this species is coral reef margins and seaward reef slopes (Lieske and Myers 1994) to depths of 30 m. It feeds on benthic macrofauna (Masuda and Allen 1993).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 9710), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 6
  Temperature range (°C): 25.275 - 25.275
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.644 - 0.644
  Salinity (PPS): 40.307 - 40.307
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.617 - 4.617
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.122 - 0.122
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.699 - 1.699

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 6
 
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits reef margins and seaward slopes (Ref. 9710) and near coral reefs (Ref. 9137).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Pollard, D. & Cabanban, A.

Reviewer/s
Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is apparently exploited in the marine aquarium fish trade, but its exploitation levels are unknown. It may also occasionally be used for food in local subsistence and artisanal fisheries. However, the species appears to be widely distributed throughout the Red Sea, and it is protected in marine parks in some parts of its range. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
Although it appears to be widespread in the Red Sea, there is no specific information available on the status of its populations there.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats to this species. Although it is taken in the marine aquarium fish trade, exploitation levels are unknown.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Thalassoma rueppellii

Klunzinger's wrasse, Thalassoma rueppellii, is a species of wrasse endemic to the Red Sea. It inhabits the margins and seaward slopes of reefs at depths from 1 to 30 m (3.3 to 98 ft). It can reach 20 cm (7.9 in) in total length. This species can be found in the aquarium trade.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pollard, D. & Cabanban, A. 2010. Thalassoma rueppellii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 November 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Thalassoma rueppellii" in FishBase. October 2013 version.
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