The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- D. C. Eades and D. Otte. 2012. Orthoptera Species File Online
- Otte, Daniel / Poole, Robert W. and Patricia Gentili, eds. 1997. Orthoptera. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America: vol. 4: Non-Holometabolous Orders. 581-634