- Evseenko, S.A. 1996 Ontogeny and relationships of the flatfishes of the Southern Ocean (Achiropsettidae, Pleuronectoidei). J. Ichthyol. 36(9):687-712. (Ref. 37783)
- Mikhov, S. 2000 Checklist of fishes of Bulgaria. FishBase checklist modified by Stoyan Mikhov. (Ref. 37297)
- Nielsen, J.G. 1986 Scophthalmidae. p. 1287-1293. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4703)
Scophthalmus maeoticus (Black Sea turbot or kalkan) is a fish species in the family Scophthalmidae. Widespread in the Black Sea. Usually consider as a subspecies of the turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, which is common in the Mediterranean Sea. Now the taxonomic status of this species is under discussion. Important commercial species.
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