Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Max. length (Trevor Meyer, pers. comm., 2001).
  • Evseenko, S.A. 1996 Ontogeny and relationships of the flatfishes of the Southern Ocean (Achiropsettidae, Pleuronectoidei). J. Ichthyol. 36(9):687-712. (Ref. 37783)
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Distribution

Black Sea, including estuaries.
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Europe: Black Sea.
  • Mikhov, S. 2000 Checklist of fishes of Bulgaria. FishBase checklist modified by Stoyan Mikhov. (Ref. 37297)
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. ))
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Diagnostic Description

Bony tubercles generally developed on both sides which are always larger than eye (Ref. 4703).
  • Nielsen, J.G. 1986 Scophthalmidae. p. 1287-1293. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4703)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Wikipedia

Scophthalmus maeoticus

Scophthalmus maeoticus (Black Sea turbot or kalkan) is a fish species in the family Scophthalmidae. Widespread in the Black Sea.[1] Usually consider as a subspecies of the turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, which is common in the Mediterranean Sea.[2] Now the taxonomic status of this species is under discussion. Important commercial species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Scophthalmus maeoticus at FishBase
  2. ^ Bailly N., Chanet B. (2010) Scophthalmus Rafinesque, 1810: The valid generic name for the turbot, S. maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) [Pleuronectiformes: Scophthalmidae]. Cybium, 34(3): 257-261.


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