Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs over sand, mud, and rubble areas. Feed mainly on small bottom-living gastropods. Marketed fresh or dried-salted. Also caught with bottom longlines and handlines (Ref. 9775).
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Indo-Malaysian Archipelago and South China Sea.
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 10
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Size

Maximum size: 350 mm TL
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Max. size

35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295))
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Diagnostic Description

The lower edge of the eye is well above a line from the tip of the snout to the middle of the caudal fin fork. The eye is relatively large, its diameter slightly greater than the interorbital space. Overall color is silvery-white, grayish on upper back. There are about 5-7 narrow irregular bars, which may be very faint, on the sides. A prominent blue-edged, yellow band from the front of the eye to above the upper lip encompassing the nostrils. The cheek is yellowish with 3 or 4 oblique bands sloping upwards from above the upper jaw towards the rear part of the eye. Fins are mainly clear or whitish. A black spot is at the base of upper pectoral rays; a narrow brown bar across the base of the entire fin.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 20 - 80 m (Ref. 2295)
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Depth: 20 - 80m.
From 20 to 80 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Occurs over sand, mud, and rubble areas. Feed mainly on small bottom-living gastropods. Marketed fresh or dried-salted. Also caught with bottom longlines and handlines (Ref. 9775).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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