The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Arlettaz, R., G. Dandliker, E. Kasybekov, J. M. Pillet, S. Rybin, and J. Zima. 1995. Feeding habits of the long-eared desert bat Otonycteris hemprichii (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Mammalogy 76:873-876.
  • Benda, Petr, and Václav Gvozdík. 2010. Taxonomy of the genus Otonycteris (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae: Plecotini) as inferred from morphological and mtDNA data. Acta Chiropterologica, vol. 12, no. 1. 83-102
  • Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott. 1951. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946. 810
  • Gharaibeh, B. M., and M. B. Qumsiyeh. 1995. Otonycteris hemprichii. Mammalian Species 514:1-4.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • M., Basuony., F. Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2010).  Mammals of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & Conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo..  
  • Madkour, G. 1977. Ear ossicles and tympanic bone of some Egyptian bats (Microchiroptera). Zoologischer Anzeiger 198:263-268.
  • Norberg, U. M., and M. B. Fenton. 1988. Carnivorous bats? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 33:383-394.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Peters, W. 1859. Neue Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Chiropteren. Monatsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, vol. 1860. 222-225
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Chiroptera. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 312-529
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Yom-Tov, Y., D. Makin, and B. Shalmon. 1992. The insectivorous bats (Microchiroptera) of the dead sea area Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 38:125-137.


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