Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 27121). Feeds on shrimps and crabs (Ref. 27637).
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: north of British Isles and North Sea to Walvis Bay, Namibia, including Madeira and the Mediterranean (excluding the Black Sea).
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Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Namibia including Madeira and Canary Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 16; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 15 - 16
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Size

Maximum size: 600 mm TL
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Max. size

60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 7008)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 100 - 700 m (Ref. 35388), usually 150 - 400 m (Ref. 26999)
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Depth range based on 39 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 18 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 67 - 390
  Temperature range (°C): 10.108 - 13.932
  Nitrate (umol/L): 5.669 - 25.929
  Salinity (PPS): 34.895 - 35.608
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.902 - 5.848
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.432 - 1.843
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.843 - 14.963

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 67 - 390

Temperature range (°C): 10.108 - 13.932

Nitrate (umol/L): 5.669 - 25.929

Salinity (PPS): 34.895 - 35.608

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.902 - 5.848

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.432 - 1.843

Silicate (umol/l): 1.843 - 14.963
 
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Depth: 10 - 700m.
From 10 to 700 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal. Found on mud, gravel and rock bottoms, generally above 400 m depth (Ref. 4697).
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Trophic Strategy

Found on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 27121). Feeds on shrimps and crabs (Ref. 27637).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigla lyra

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 29
Specimens with Barcodes: 41
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Trigla lyra

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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Wikipedia

Piper gurnard

Piper gurnard (Trigla lyra) is a fish species from the monotypic genus Trigla, family Triglidae.

The range captures the Eastern Atlantic: north of British Isles and North Sea to Walvis Bay, Namibia, including Madeira and the Mediterranean Sea. Absent in the Black Sea.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scorpaeniformes". Paleobiology Database. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
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