Overview

Comprehensive Description

Trigla lyra ZBK Linnaeus, 1758

Aegean Sea : 11600-218 (1 spc.), 09.02.1969 , Offshore of Imroz , M. Demir ; 11600-219 (2 spa), 1969 , M. Demir ; 11600-205 (1 spa), 1969, M. Demir . Mediterranean Sea : 11600-746 (1 spc.), April 2003 , Iskenderun Bay , trawl , C. Dalyan .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 43-43, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Found on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 27121). Feeds on shrimps and crabs (Ref. 27637).
  • Richards, W.J. and V.P. Saksena 1990 Triglidae. p. 680-684. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3687)
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: north of British Isles and North Sea to Walvis Bay, Namibia, including Madeira and the Mediterranean (excluding the Black Sea).
  • Hureau, J.-C. 1986 Triglidae. p. 1230-1238. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4697)
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Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Namibia including Madeira and Canary Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 16; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 15 - 16
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Triglidae. p. 486-488. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4316)
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Size

Maximum size: 600 mm TL
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Max. size

60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 7008)
  • Papaconstantinou, C. 1981 Age and growth of piper, Trigla lyra, in Saronikos Gulf (Greece). Cybium 5(2):73-87. (Ref. 7008)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 100 - 700 m (Ref. 35388), usually 150 - 400 m (Ref. 26999)
  • Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen 1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. (Ref. 35388)
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Depth range based on 39 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 18 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 67 - 390
  Temperature range (°C): 10.108 - 13.932
  Nitrate (umol/L): 5.669 - 25.929
  Salinity (PPS): 34.895 - 35.608
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.902 - 5.848
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.432 - 1.843
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.843 - 14.963

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 67 - 390

Temperature range (°C): 10.108 - 13.932

Nitrate (umol/L): 5.669 - 25.929

Salinity (PPS): 34.895 - 35.608

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.902 - 5.848

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.432 - 1.843

Silicate (umol/l): 1.843 - 14.963
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 10 - 700m.
From 10 to 700 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal. Found on mud, gravel and rock bottoms, generally above 400 m depth (Ref. 4697).
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Trophic Strategy

Found on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 27121). Feeds on shrimps and crabs (Ref. 27637).
  • Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer 1999 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 250 p. (Ref. 27121)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Trigla lyra

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigla lyra

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 29
Specimens with Barcodes: 41
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 1992 FAO yearbook 1990. Fishery statistics. Catches and landings. FAO Fish. Ser. (38). FAO Stat. Ser. 70:(105):647 p. (Ref. 4931)
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Wikipedia

Piper gurnard

Piper gurnard (Trigla lyra) is a fish species from the monotypic genus Trigla, family Triglidae.


Its range covers the Eastern Atlantic from north of the British Isles and North Sea to Walvis Bay, Namibia, including Madeira and the Mediterranean Sea. The species is absent in the Black Sea.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scorpaeniformes". Paleobiology Database. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
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