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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A relatively uncommon inhabitant of rocky reefs and coral-rich areas. Spine of preopercle venomous. Usually seen solitary , but sometimes forms schools in deep water in oceanic locations (Ref. 48635).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (Ref. 12541), Zanzibar (Tanzania), Aldabra and Seychelles to the Marshall Islands and American Samoa, north to Taiwan, southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and the Chesterfield Islands. Replaced by Sargocentron marisrubri in the Red Sea (Ref. 37816).
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comores and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledoni
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Analspines: 4; Analsoft rays: 9 - 10
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Size

Maximum size: 250 mm TL
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Max. size

25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4201))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

A relatively uncommon inhabitant of coral-rich areas. Spine of preopercle venomous.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Body with red and white stripes following the scale rows; black blotch at base of soft dorsal, anal, and caudal fins, but may be faint or absent in caudal and anal fins (Ref. 4201, 48635). Uniformly small ctenii on posterior margin of scales of body. Inferior mouth due to hypertrophy of median part of upper lip (front of upper lip thickened and slightly protruding) (Ref. 3079). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.6-2.9 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.4 in HL; interorbital width 4.4-5.25 in HL; slender caudal peduncle, depth 3.9-4.65 in HL; maxilla extending from below center of the eye to a vertical at rear edge of pupil, upper jaw length 2.25-2.4 in HL; premaxillary groove ending above or slightly posterior to a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone ending with a small spine; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; nasal fossa with 1 to 4 spinules on posterior edge; preopercular spine 3.45-3.65 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.95-2.4 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-1.75 in HL (Ref. 27370).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 - 90 m (Ref. 27370)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 7 - 48
  Temperature range (°C): 25.709 - 25.709
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.151 - 0.151
  Salinity (PPS): 35.312 - 35.312
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.727 - 4.727
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.141 - 0.141
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.409 - 1.409

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 7 - 48
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 5 - 90m.
From 5 to 90 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

A relatively uncommon inhabitant of rocky reefs and coral-rich areas (Ref. 27370). A nocturnal species (Ref. 75154).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sargocentron melanospilos

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCTCTATTTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCTGGAATAGTTGGAACAGCCCTTAGCCTTCTTATTCGAGCTGAACTTAGTCAACCCGGAGCCCTTCTGGGGGACGATCAAATTTATAATGTCATTGTTACAGCGCACGCGTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATGATTGGAGGCTTTGGAAACTGACTAATTCCCCTAATGATCGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCATTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTTTGACTTCTACCTCCCTCATTCCTTCTTCTACTAGCTTCTTCAGGAGTAGAAGCCGGTGCCGGAACAGGATGAACAGTTTACCCACCCCTTGCAGGTAACTTAGCCCACGCAGGGGCTTCTGTTGATCTTACTATTTTCTCACTTCATCTAGCTGGTATTTCCTCAATCCTAGGGGCCATTAATTTCATTACAACTATCATTAATATGAAACCCCCTGCCATCTCTCAATATCAAACCCCTCTCTTTGTATGAGCTGTCCTAATTACAGCTGTCCTTCTTCTCCTGTCCCTGCCTGTACTTGCAGCAGGTATTACTATGCTGCTNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sargocentron melanospilos

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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