The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Noguchi, H. "Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae in American wild rats and its relation to the Japanese and European strains." J. Exp. Med. (1917) 25:755-763.
  • WoRMS (2014). Leptospira Noguchi, 1917. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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