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Proteus mirabilis is a species of bacterium that was discovered by Gustav Hauser in 1885. He named the bacterium after the shape-shifting character Proteus from Homer’s Odyssey because the bacterium can differentiate from a rod-shaped vegetative cell into an elongated and highly flagellated cell that has swarming motility (Mobley and Belas, 1995). This swarming motility allows bacterial colonies to move across solid surfaces and allows a rapid translocation of bacterial populations, which proves to be especially dangerous when P. mirabilis enters the human gastrointestinal tract.

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© Jonathan Beltran Amado

Source: Nasonia Symbiont Database

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