The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bernasconi, E., Valsangiacomo, C., Peduzzi, R., Carota, A., Moccetti, T., & Funke, G. (2004). Arthrobacter woluwensis subacute infective endocarditis: case report and review of the literature. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 38(4): e27–31. doi:10.1086/381436
  • Breed, R. S., Murray, E. G. D., & Smith, N. R. (1957). Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Williams & Wilkins Co. Retrieved September 22, 2012, from’s_manual_of_determinative_bacteriology
  • Camargo, F. A. O., Bento, F. M., Okeke, B. C., & Frankenberger, W. T. (2004). Hexavalent chromium reduction by an actinomycete, arthrobacter crystallopoietes ES 32. Biological trace element research, 97(2): 183–94. doi:10.1385/BTER:97:2:183
  • Conn, H. J., & Dimmick, I. (1947). Soil bacteria similar in morphology to Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium. N.Y. State Agricultural Experiment Station, 54(1): 291–303.
  • Falkow, Stanley, Eugene Rosenberg, Karl-Heinz Schleifer, Erko Stackebrandt. (2006). The Prokaryotes. Third Edition. 1146 pp, New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media.
  • Fautin D, Dalton P, Incze LS, Leong J-AC, Pautzke C, et al. 2010. An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11914. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011914
  • Funke, G., Pagano-Niederer, M., Sjödén, B., & Falsen, E. (1998). Characteristics of Arthrobacter cumminsii, the most frequently encountered Arthrobacter species in human clinical specimens. Journal of clinical microbiology, 36(6), 1539–43. Retrieved from
  • Holt, John G., N.R. Krieg, P.H.A. Sneath, J.T. Staley, and S.T. Williams. (1994). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Ninth Edition. 787 pp, Baltimore, Maryland: Williams & Wilkins.
  • Jones, D., & Keddie, R. M. (2007). The Prokaryotes. (M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, & E. Stackebrandt, Eds.) (pp. 945–960). Springer New York. doi:10.1007/0-387-30743-5
  • Jones, D., & Keddie, R. M. Arthrobacter sp. FB24 - Home. The Prokaryotes [electronic resource]. Retrieved September 22, 2012, from
  • Joynt, J., Bischoff, M., Turco, R., Konopka, A., & Nakatsu, C. H. (2006). Microbial community analysis of soils contaminated with lead, chromium and petroleum hydrocarbons. Microbial Ecology, 51(2): 209–19. doi:10.1007/s00248-005-0205-0
  • Megharaj, M., Avudainayagam, S., & Naidu, R. (2003). Toxicity of hexavalent chromium and its reduction by bacteria isolated from soil contaminated with tannery waste. Current Microbiology, 47(1): 51–4. doi:10.1007/s00284-002-3889-0
  • Mongodin, E. F., Shapir, N., Daugherty, S. C., DeBoy, R. T., Emerson, J. B., Shvartzbeyn, A., Radune, D., et al. (2006). Secrets of soil survival revealed by the genome sequence of Arthrobacter aurescens TC1. PLoS genetics, 2(12): e214. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0020214
  • Monnet, C., Loux, V., Gibrat, J.-F., Spinnler, E., Barbe, V., Vacherie, B., Gavory, F., et al. (2010). The arthrobacter arilaitensis Re117 genome sequence reveals its genetic adaptation to the surface of cheese. PloS one, 5(11): e15489. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015489
  • Mullakhanbhai, M. F., & Bhat, J. V. (1967). Morphogenesis in Arthrobacter Species. Indian Institute of Science.
  • Nakatsu, C. H., Carmosini, N., Baldwin, B., Beasley, F., Kourtev, P., & Konopka, A. (2005). Soil Microbial Community Responses to Additions of Organic Carbon Substrates and Heavy Metals ( Pb and Cr ), 71(12): 7679–7689. doi:10.1128/AEM.71.12.7679
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), available at:; accessed on: September 22, 2012.
  • Parschat, K., Overhage, J., Strittmatter, A. W., Henne, A., Gottschalk, G., & Fetzner, S. (2007). Complete nucleotide sequence of the 113-kilobase linear catabolic plasmid pAL1 of Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus Rü61a and transcriptional analysis of genes involved in quinaldine degradation. Journal of Bacteriology, 189(10): 3855–67. doi:10.1128/JB.00089-07
  • Stackebrandt, E., & Woese, C. R. (1981). Towards a Phylogeny of the Actinomycetes and Related Organisms. Current Microbiology, 5: 197–202.
  • Stackebrandt, E., Lewis, B. J., & Woese, C. R. (1980). The Phylogenetic Structure of the Coryneform Group of Bacteria. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie: I. Abt. Originale C: Allgemeine, angewandte und ökologische Mikrobiologie, 1(2): 149–137. doi:10.1016/S0172-5564(80)80036-4
  • Stanlake, G. J., & Clark, J. B. (1976). Motility as a morphogenic character in the genus Arthrobacter. Journal of Bacteriology, 127(3), 1524–8. Retrieved from
  • Stevenson, I. L. (1967). Utilization of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Arthrobacter spp. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 13(2): 205–211. doi:10.1139/m67-027
  • WoRMS (2015). Arthrobacter. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!