- Gram-positive, nonmotile, acid-fast, coccoid rods.
- Dysgonic and yellow photochromogenic (pigment not produced in the dark) colonies.
- Slow growth on Löwenstein-Jensen medium at 37°C after 15–21 days.
- Unique 16S rRNA sequence.
- Biochemically M. asiaticum (photochromogenic) and Mycobacterium gordonae (scotochromogenic) can only be differentiated by the mode of pigmentation.
- Rarely causes human pulmonary disease.
- First isolated from monkeys in 1965.
- Strain ATCC 25276 = CCUG 29115 = CIP 106809 = DSM 44297 = JCM 6409.
- SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420. [WEISZFEILER (J.), KARASSEVA (G.V.) and KARCZAG (E.): A new Mycobacterium species: Mycobacterium asiaticum n. sp. Acta Microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1971, 18, 247-252. PMID 5006093
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