Overview

Brief Summary

The Scarce Heath occurs in damp to wet grassy meadows in or at the edges of woods. Sometimes, they occur away from woods in drier places or in flower-rich grassland. The butterflies are fond of settling in grass and do not fly far, nor very often. Among the grasses they use as food are Tufted Hair-grass (Deschampsia cespitosa) and Bearded Couch (Elymus caninus). When half-grown, the caterpillar hibernates in a grass tussock, later also pupating there. This species has one generation a year. Habitats: humid grasslands and tall herb communities (26%), mixed woodland (19%), broad-leaved deciduous forests (14%), mesophile grasslands (9%), fens, transition mires and springs (7%).

  • Cassel-Lundhagen A, Sjögren-Gulve P (2007) Limited dispersal by the rare scarce heath butterfly—potential consequences for population persistence. Journal of Insect Conservation 11: 113-121. doi: 10.1007/s10841-006-9023-z
  • Cassel-Lundhagen A, Sjogren-Gulve P, Berglind SA (2008) Effects of patch characteristics and isolation on relative abundance of the scarce heath butterfly Coenonympha hero (Nymphalidae). Journal of Insect Conservation 12: 477-482. doi: 10.1007/s10841-007-9083-8
  • Cassel A, Tammaru T (2003) Allozyme variability in central, peripheral and isolated populations of the scarce heath (Coenonympha hero : Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): Implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics 4: 83-93.
  • Cassel A, Windig J, Nylin S, Wiklund C (2001) Effects of population size and food stress on fitness-related characters in the scarce heath, a rare butterfly in western Europe. Conservation Biology 15: 1667-1673.
  • Ortner A, Lechner K (2007) Zur Situation des Wald-Wiesenvögelchens Coenonympha hero (Linnaeus, 1761) in Österreich (Lepidoptera, Satyrinae). Beiträge zur Entomofaunistik 8: 101-108
  • Pretscher P (2001) Verbreitung und Art-Steckbrief des Wald-Wiesenvögelchens (Coenonympha hero Linnaeus, 1761) in Deutschland. Natur und Landschaft 76: 547-552.
  • Steiner R, Hermann G (1999) Freilandbeobachtungen zu Eiablageverhalten und -habitat des Wald-Wiesenvögelchens, Coenonympha hero (Linnaeus, 1761), an einer Flugstelle in Baden-Württemberg. Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo, Neue Folge 20: 111-118.
  • Thust R, Thiele A, Gohl K (2001) Das Wald-Wiesenvögelchen (Coenonympha hero Linnaeus, 1761; Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Thüringen – ein Nachruf und ein Lehrstück. Natur und Landschaft 76: 542-546.
  • Wiemers M (2007) Die Gattung Coenonympha Hübner, 1819, in Europa: Systematik, Ökologie und Schutz. Oedippus 25: 1-42.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Coenonympha hero

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Coenonympha hero

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 8 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TGAGCAGGTATAGTAGGAACATCTCTT---AGTTNAATTATTCGAACTGAATTAGGTAACCCAGGATCTTTAATTGGAGAT---GATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTTACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTAATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGATTCGGAAATTGATTAGTCCCCCTTATATNA---GGAGCCCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGACTTTTACCCCCCTCTTTAATTTTATTAATTTCAAGTAGCATTGTTGAAAATGGAGCTGGAACAGGTTGAACTGTTTACCCCCCTCTTTCTTCTAATATGGCTCATGGAGGATCTTCTGTCGATCTT---GCTATTTTCTCCCTTCATTTAGCTGGAATTTCTTCAATTTTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACTACAATTATTAATATACGAGTTAATGGAATATCCTATGATCAAATACCTTTATTTATTTGAGCAGTCGGAATTACAGCCTTACTTTTATTGCTTTCTCTCCCAGTCTTAGCTGGG---GCTATTACTATATTACTTACAGATCGAAATTTAAATACCTCTTTTTTTGATCCTNNNNAT------------------------------------------------------------ATTTTAATTTTACCAGGATTTGGAATAATTTCTCATATTATTTCTCAAGAAAGTGGCAAAAAA---GAAACTTTTGGTTGTTTAGGAATAATTTATGCTATACTAGCTATTGGCCTTCTTGGATTCATTGTTTGAGCTCATCATATATTTACAGTAGGAATAGATATTGATACTCGAGCTTATTTTACCTCAGCAACAATAATTATTGCTGTTCCTACAGGAATTAAAATTTTCAGTTGATTA---GCAACTCTTCATGGAACT---CAAATTAATTACAGACCTTCAATATTATGAGGATTAGGATTTATTTTTTTATTTACTGTAGGTGGATTAACAGGTGTTATTTTAGCTAATTCATCAATTGATATTGCCTTACATGACACATATTATGTTGTAGCTCATTTTCATTACGTT---TTATCTATAGGAGCTGTATTTGCAATTTTAGGGGGATTTGTTCATTGATACCCTTTATTTACAGGATTAATTTTAAATCCTTATTTATTAAAAATTCAATTTATTTCCATATTTATTGGAGTAAATTTAACCTTTTTCCCACAACATTTTTTAGGTTTAGCAGGAATACCTCGT---CGTTACTCAGATTACCCTGATAGTTTTTTA---TCTTGAAATATCATTTCCTCATTAGGCTCATATATTTCTTTATTTTCAATAATAATAATTATTATTATTGTCTGAGAATCAATAATTTATCAACGTATTATT---TTATTTTCATTAAATATACCTTCCTCA
-- end --

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Wikipedia

Coenonympha hero

The Scarce Heath (Coenonympha hero) is a butterfly species belonging to the family Nymphalidae. It can be found in Central Europe, Northern Europe and Asia. It resembles Coenonympha arcania.

Coenonympha hero - Nature Conservation-001-073-g035.jpg
Illustration from John Curtis's British Entomology Volume 5

The butterflies fly in one generation from May to July.

The larvae feed on various grasses.

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