Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Glyceridae (Predatory polychaetes and nemertines) is prey of:
Dasyatis sabina
Arius felis
Anchoa mitchilli
Menidia beryllina
Lagodon rhomboides
Leiostomus xanthurus
Syngnathus scovelli
Hippocampus zosterae
Sciaenops ocellatus
Bucephala albeaola
Rallus longirostris
Charadrius semipalmatus
sediment POC
Pinixia floridana
Neopanope texana
Processa bermudiensis
Penaeus duoarum
Palaemonetes floridanus

Based on studies in:
USA: Florida (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
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Known prey organisms

Glyceridae (Predatory polychaetes and nemertines) preys on:
Elasmopus levis
Lembos rectangularis
Acunmindeutopus naglei
Melita
Synchelidium
Ampithoe longimana
Cymadusa compta
Batea catharinensis
Listriella barnardi
Lysianopsis alba
Caprella penantis
Brachiodontes exustus
Bivalvia
Crepidula fornicata
Crepidula convexa
Argopecten irradians
Chione cancellata
bacteria
Microfauna
meiofauna
Amphipoda
Acteon punctostriatus
Cadulus carolinesis
Swartziella catesbyana
Acetocina candei
Truncatella pulchella
Nassarius vibex
Olivella mutica
Haminoea succinea
Amphitritidae
Pectanaridae
Hylina veliei
Syllidae
Orbiniidae
Paraonidae
Spionidae
Cirratulidae
Capitellidae
Maldanidae
Aricidea
Jaspidella jaspidea
Mangelia plicosa

Based on studies in:
USA: Florida (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:291
Specimens with Sequences:235
Specimens with Barcodes:226
Species:26
Species With Barcodes:24
Public Records:107
Public Species:17
Public BINs:21
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Genomic DNA is available from 2 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Moscow State Univ
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© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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Wikipedia

Glyceridae

Glyceridae is a family of polychaete worms.[1] They are commonly referred to as beak-thrower worms or bloodworms. They are bright red, segmented, aquatic worms. The proboscis worm Glycera is sometimes called bloodworm. The Glyceridae are ferocious epi- and infaunal polychaetes that prey upon small invertebrates. They are errant burrowers that build galleries of interconnected tubes to aid in catching their prey.

Characteristics[edit]

  • Pointy snout used for burrowing in sediment
  • No septa in anterior part of bodies
  • Rely on peristalsis to move
  • Explosively evert pharynx into sediment, anchor position with prostomium and pull body forward.
  • Eversible pharynx also used in prey capture: 4 poisonous fangs

References[edit]

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