Overview

Brief Summary

The Neuroptera, or net-winged insects, include the lacewings, antlions, owlflies, mantidflies, and their relatives. With around 6000 species, this is one of the smaller orders of holometabolous insects (insects with complete metamorphosis).  Both adults and larvae are usually terrestrial predators of small arthropods like aphids, ants, and mites.  Adult Neuroptera are medium-sized to large, soft-bodied insects with four delicate membranous wings.  Neuropteran larvae are active predators with large mandibles that are greatly modified for piercing and sucking.  The larvae of some groups feed on agricultural and garden pests and are sold commercially as biological control agents.

  • Borror, D. J., C. A. Triplehorn, and N. F. Johnson. 1989. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. Sixth Edition. Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia.
  • Grimaldi, David & Michael S. Engel (2005). Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-82149-5.
  • Tauber, Catherine A., Maurice J. Tauber, and Gilberto S. Albuquerque. 2003. Ephemeroptera (Mayflies). Pages 721-729 in Encyclopedia of Insects, V. H. Resh and R. T. Cardé, eds. Academic Press, New York.
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Ecology

Associations

Animal / predator
larva of Neuroptera is predator of larva of Gastrophysa viridula

Animal / predator
larva of Neuroptera is predator of Aphididae

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Known predators

Neuroptera (Neuroptera 5 families 9 spp.) is prey of:
Eleutherodactylus coqui
Eleutherodactylus portoricensis
Todus mexicanus
Margarops fuscatus
Anolis evermanni
Anolis stratulus
Myiarchus antillarum
Loxigilla portoricensis

Based on studies in:
Puerto Rico, El Verde (Rainforest)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • Waide RB, Reagan WB (eds) (1996) The food web of a tropical rainforest. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:6,207Public Records:4,653
Specimens with Sequences:5,063Public Species:167
Specimens with Barcodes:4,660Public BINs:755
Species:340         
Species With Barcodes:254         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Neuroptera

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