Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The current distribution range for the Indian brown mongoose includes southern India (Yoganand and Kumar 1995; Mudappa 2002) and Sri Lanka. In South India it is found from 700 to 1,300 m from Virajpet in south Coorg and Ooty in the Nilgiri hills, Tiger Shola in the Palni hills, High Wavy Mountains in Madurai, Kalakad-Mundanthurai in Agasthyamalai hills, Valparai plateau in the Anamalai hills, and Peeramedu in Kerala (Pocock 1939, Prater 1971, Corbet and Hill 1992, Mudappa 1998, 2001).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Very little is known about the habitat and ecology of the Indian brown mongoose. It has been recorded within dense forest and adjacent man-modified areas (Mudappa 2002). This is most likely a crepuscular to nocturnal (Mudappa 1998, 2002). It was observed inside or adjacent to rainforests, as well as near garbage dumps in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in India (Mudappa, 2002). The species occurs in coffee plantations and mid-elevation tropical forests and shola-grasslands in parts of Sri Lanka (Prater 1989), and within rainforest fragments and adjacent to them in tea and coffee plantations in Anamalai hills (Mudappa 2001, Muddapa D. unpublished data).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
A2c

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Muddapa, D., Choudhury, A., Wozencraft, C. & Yonzon, P.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Vulnerable because of a suspected population decline, estimated to be more than 30% over the last three generations (taken as 15 years where the generation length estimated at minimally 5 years), inferred from habitat destruction and degradation (Menon and Bowa 1997). Although little is known about the comprehensive population estimates for the species, current data indicate that it is likely naturally rare, and therefore maybe more susceptible to major habitat loss and degradation. Further information is necessary on the effects of land-use change on this species and on other threats.

History
  • 2000
    Data Deficient
  • 1996
    Not Evaluated
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Population

Population
The population status of the Indian brown mongoose is poorly known, but it is apparently naturally rare to uncommon, as it was recorded only four times between 1996 and 1999 in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in India (Mudappa 2002). In the tea and coffee plantation dominated Valparai plateau (900-1,400 m) in the Anamalai hills, it is relatively more common than in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (Mudappa, D. unpublished data).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Specific threats to the Indian brown mongoose are not well known, but habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation are likely to have major impacts on populations (Mudappa D. personal observation). Further research is necessary to understand the impacts of the various potential threats the species is exposed to.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The Indian population is listed on CITES Appendix III.
The Indian brown mongoose has been recorded in a few protected areas in the southern Western Ghats, India (Mudappa 2002). Urgent field surveys, ecological studies, habitat protection and monitoring of any threats are needed.
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Wikipedia

Indian brown mongoose

The Indian brown mongoose (Herpestes fuscus) looks similar to the short-tailed mongoose from Southeast Asia and is sometimes believed to be only a subspecies of this latter. The Indian brown mongoose is found in southwest India and Sri Lanka.

Indian Brown Mongoose (Herpestes fuscus) from Western Ghats, India

Description[edit]

Indian Brown Mongoose appears large compared to the other mongoose species in southern Western Ghats. This species has a Dark brown body and its legs are noticeably in black colour. The tail length is two third of its body length and more furry than Small Indian Mangoose. A pointed ending tail and fur beneath the hind leg, help to distinguish this species from others.[2]

An old illustration of H. f. maccarthiae

Distribution[edit]

In South India it is found from 700 to 1,300 m from Virajpet in south Coorg and Ooty in the Nilgiri hills, Tiger Shola in the Palni hills, High Wavy Mountains in Madurai, Kalakad-Mundanthurai in Agasthyamalai hills, Valparai plateau in the Anamalai hills, and Peeramedu in Kerala.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muddapa, D., Choudhury, A., Wozencraft, C. & Yonzon, P. (2008). Herpestes fuscus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  2. ^ A Field Guide to Indian Mammals by Vivek Menon
  3. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41612/0
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