Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
Additional detail
11.12 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
Additional detail
22.6 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
Additional detail
69.5 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
Additional detail
92.82 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Afrotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Al Hajar montane woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Alps conifer and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Altai alpine meadow and tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Altai steppe and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Alto Paraná Atlantic forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Antarctia
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Appenine deciduous montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Araucaria moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Atlantic mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Australasia
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Balkan mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Baltic mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Baluchistan xeric woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Benton County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Caledon conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cantabrian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Carpathian montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Caspian lowland desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Caucasus mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Celtic broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Anatolian deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Anatolian steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Andean puna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Asian northern desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Asian riparian woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Asian southern desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central European mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Indochina dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Persian desert basins
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Chatham Island temperate forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Crete Mediterranean forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cyprus Mediterranean forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Daurian forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Deccan thorn scrub forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Douglas County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Dry Chaco
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
East Afghan montane conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
East European forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Elburz Range forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Emin Valley steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
English Lowlands beech forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Faroe Islands boreal grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Grays Harbor County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Himalayan subtropical pine forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Humid Chaco
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Humid Pampas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Iberian conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Illyrian deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Indo-Malayan
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Indus Valley desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Irrawaddy dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Junggar Basin semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kazakh upland
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
King County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Kola Peninsula tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kopet Dag semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Malabar Coast moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Manchurian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mediterranean woodlands and forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Meghalaya subtropical forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mesopotamian shrub desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Middle East steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Myanmar coastal rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North Atlantic moist mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North Saharan steppe and woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North Western Ghats montane rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern dry deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northwest Iberian montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northwestern thorn scrub forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Orissa semi-evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pacific County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Palearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pamir alpine desert and tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pannonian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Paropamisus xeric woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pierce County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Pindus Mountains mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Po Basin mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pontic steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Qaidam Basin semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Rodope montane mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sahara desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sarmatic mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Scandinavian and Russian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Snohomish County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
South Appenine mixed montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Western Ghats montane rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Andean Yungas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Spokane County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sri Lanka montane rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sundarbans mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Taklimakan desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Thar desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tian Shan montane conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western European broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Whatcom County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Whitman County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Zagros Mountains forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body mass average
Additional detail
1.05 oz female
Bird Incubation  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
34.5 g female
Avian Mass Data  
Additional detail
34 g male
Avian Mass Data  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
28.5 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
1.42 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
sexual dimorphism
Additional detail
male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
25.3 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
2.02 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
egg mass average
Additional detail
0.09 oz
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
0.09 oz
Bird Incubation  

Ecology

 
primary diet
Additional detail
eats seeds adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
city
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
city
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
crevasse
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
farm
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
freshwater habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
grassland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
hedge
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
hedge
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
hill
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
nest of bird
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
oceanic island
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plain
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
subtropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
waste
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
Additional detail
Boreal Forests (Taiga)
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mediterranean Forests, woodlands and scrubs
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
Additional detail GloBI  
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elevation median
Additional detail
121 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation mean
Additional detail
111.7 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation min
Additional detail
11.9 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation max
Additional detail
572.6 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
cavity
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
cooperative breeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size mean
Additional detail
5.1
Washington Bird Phenology  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
5
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
0.008
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
152 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
4 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
23 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.41 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration measurement
Additional detail
12-13 days
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
12-14 days
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
13 and 14 days
Bird Incubation  
 
prenatal development duration
Additional detail
11 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
egg laying begins earliest
Additional detail
03-19
Washington Bird Phenology  
 
egg laying begins latest
Additional detail
07-30
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
0.09 oz
Bird Incubation  
 
egg mass average
Additional detail
0.09 oz
Bird Incubation  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
body temperature average
Additional detail
108 degrees Fahrenheit female
Bird Incubation  
 
body temperature measurement
Additional detail
107.8 degrees Fahrenheit male
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
109 degrees Fahrenheit male
Bird Incubation  
 
body temperature average
Additional detail
108.1 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
108.3 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
109 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  
 
body temperature min
Additional detail
105.8 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  
 
body temperature max
Additional detail
112.1 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  
 
body temperature measurement
Additional detail
107.8 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
109.4 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Decreasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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