Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Passer domesticus.

Distribution

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
native range includes
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar (Burma) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Russian Federation Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Scandinavia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom (UK) Global Invasive Species Listings  
introduced range includes
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bahamas Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bahamas Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Belize Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Belize Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bermuda Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bermuda Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail British Virgin Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail British Virgin Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Central America Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Curaçao Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Dominican Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Dominican Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands (Malvinas) (sub-Antarctic) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Guiana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Guiana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guadeloupe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guadeloupe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kenya Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mayotte Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mayotte Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Antilles Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Antilles Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Caledonia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Caledonia (Nouvelle Caledonie) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Peru Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Reunion (La Reunion) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Réunion Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Helena Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Pierre and Miquelon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Pierre and Miquelon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South America Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Southern Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Tanzania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Tanzania, United Republic of Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail 11.12 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 22.6 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail 69.5 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 92.82 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
body mass average
Additional detail 28.5 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail 26.55 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
sexual dimorphism
Additional detail male more colorful Birds Animal Diversity Web  
weight
Additional detail 25.3 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.02 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail crevasse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hedge
  • hedge
    A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hedge
  • hedge
    A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hill
  • hill
    A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000083
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail nest of bird
  • nest of bird
    A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005805
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oceanic island
  • oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subtropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail waste Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
foraging habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
primary diet
Additional detail eats seeds adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail American Cliff Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail Bed Bugs GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Bluebirds GloBI  
Additional detail Bruchus GloBI  
Additional detail Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Chickadees, Tits, and Titmice GloBI  
Additional detail Cimicoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Colubrids GloBI  
Additional detail Coyotes, Dogs, Foxes, Jackals, and Wolves GloBI  
Additional detail Dogs, Wolves, Coyotes, and Jackals GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Screech Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Wolf GloBI  
Additional detail Horned Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Leaf Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Long-horned Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Martins GloBI  
Additional detail Megascops GloBI  
Additional detail Merlin GloBI  
Additional detail Necklacepod GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Shrike GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Sparrows GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Sparrows & Snowfinches GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Tits GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Pantherophis GloBI  
Additional detail Pea Family GloBI  
Additional detail Pea Weevil GloBI  
Additional detail Petrochelidon GloBI  
Additional detail Pied Woodpeckers GloBI  
Additional detail Pigeons GloBI  
Additional detail Pigeons and Doves GloBI  
Additional detail Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Procyonids GloBI  
Additional detail Raccoons GloBI  
Additional detail Rock Dove GloBI  
Additional detail Shrikes GloBI  
Additional detail Shrikes GloBI  
Additional detail Small Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Thrushes GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
Additional detail Woodpeckers GloBI  
  • has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
has parasite
Additional detail Avian Malaria GloBI  
Additional detail Choanotaenia passerina GloBI  
Additional detail Plasmodium GloBI  
Additional detail Plasmodium (Haemamoeba) GloBI  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail Bank Swallows GloBI  
Additional detail Bed Bugs GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Bluebirds GloBI  
Additional detail Bruchus GloBI  
Additional detail Buzzards GloBI  
Additional detail Cabbage Family GloBI  
Additional detail Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Cimicoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Colubrids GloBI  
Additional detail Coyotes, Dogs, Foxes, Jackals, and Wolves GloBI  
Additional detail Dogs, Wolves, Coyotes, and Jackals GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail European Greenfinch GloBI  
Additional detail Finches and Allies GloBI  
Additional detail Goldfinches GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Wolf GloBI  
Additional detail Hedge Mustard GloBI  
Additional detail Hedgemustard GloBI  
Additional detail House Sparrow GloBI  
Additional detail House Sparrow GloBI  
Additional detail Leaf Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Long-horned Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Martins GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Shrike GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Sparrows GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Sparrows & Snowfinches GloBI  
Additional detail Ospreys GloBI  
Additional detail Ospreys GloBI  
Additional detail Pantherophis GloBI  
Additional detail Pea Weevil GloBI  
Additional detail Procyonids GloBI  
Additional detail Raccoons GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Sand Martin GloBI  
Additional detail Shrikes GloBI  
Additional detail Shrikes GloBI  
Additional detail Small Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Thrushes GloBI  
Additional detail Western Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
  • has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
has predator
Additional detail Bald Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Bird Hawks GloBI  
Additional detail Bird Hawks GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Broad-winged Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Buzzards GloBI  
Additional detail Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Colubrids GloBI  
Additional detail Cooper's Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Cooper's Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Coyotes, Dogs, Foxes, Jackals, and Wolves GloBI  
Additional detail Dogs, Wolves, Coyotes, and Jackals GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Screech Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Screech Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Fish Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Wolf GloBI  
Additional detail Megascops GloBI  
Additional detail Megascops GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Goshawk GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Shrike GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Pantherophis GloBI  
Additional detail Procyonids GloBI  
Additional detail Raccoons GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Shrikes GloBI  
Additional detail Shrikes GloBI  
Additional detail Small Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
elevation median
Additional detail 121.0 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
mean Additional detail 111.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
min Additional detail 11.9 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
max Additional detail 572.6 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
nest type
Additional detail cavity
  • cavity
    The nest is placed in a cavity with a narrow/protected entrance.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestCavity
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
developmental mode
Additional detail altricial
  • altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
parental care
Additional detail cooperative breeding
  • cooperative breeding
    The species regularly breeds cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CooperativeBreeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 5 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
log10 productivity
Additional detail 0.008 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
litters per year
Additional detail 4 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
total life span max
Additional detail 23 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
onset of fertility
Additional detail 152 days female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
growth rate
Additional detail 0.41 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
prenatal development duration
Additional detail 11 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
migratory status
Additional detail nonmigratory
  • nonmigratory
    Does not make seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
invasive in
Additional detail Bahamas Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bermuda Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail British Virgin Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Curaçao Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Dominican Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guadeloupe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kenya Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mayotte Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Antilles Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Réunion Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Pierre and Miquelon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
not invasive in
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Scandinavia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  

Other

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
has pathogen
Additional detail Arboviruses Group A GloBI  
Additional detail Togaviridae GloBI  
Additional detail Uine GloBI  

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