Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Passer domesticus.

Distribution

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar (Burma) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Russian Federation Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Scandinavia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom (UK) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Introduced range includes
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bahamas Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bahamas Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Belize Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Belize Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bermuda Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bermuda Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail British Virgin Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail British Virgin Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Central America Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Curaçao Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Dominican Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Dominican Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands (Malvinas) (sub-Antarctic) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Guiana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Guiana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guadeloupe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guadeloupe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kenya Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mayotte Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mayotte Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Antilles Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Antilles Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Caledonia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Caledonia (Nouvelle Caledonie) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Peru Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Reunion (La Reunion) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Réunion Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Helena Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Pierre and Miquelon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Pierre and Miquelon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South America Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Southern Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Tanzania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Tanzania, United Republic of Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 11.12 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 22.6 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail 69.5 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 92.82 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Body mass
Additional detail 26.55 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
average Additional detail 28.5 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail male more colorful Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Weight
Additional detail 2.02 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 25.3 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coal mine Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail crevasse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cultivated habitat
  • Cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert biome
  • Desert biome
    A desert biome is a terrestrial biome which loses more liquid water by evapotranspiration than is supplied by precipitation and includes communities adapted to these conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000179
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • Farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest biome
  • Forest biome
    A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000174
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail garden
  • Garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland biome
  • Grassland biome
    A grassland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, an unbroken layer of grasses (Gramineae), sedges (Cyperaceae) or rushes (Juncaceae).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000177
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hedge
  • Hedge
    A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oceanic island
  • Oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subtropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail waste Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland biome
  • Woodland biome
    A woodland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, woody plants spaced sufficiently far apart to allow light penetration to support communities of herbaceous plants or shrubs living closer to the woodland floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000175
Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail eats seeds adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Bluebirds GloBI  
Additional detail Cliff Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Screech Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Lizards and Snakes GloBI  
Additional detail Merlin GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Shrike GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Tits GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Pea Weevil GloBI  
Additional detail Snowy Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
Additional detail Woodpecker GloBI  
  • Preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
Preys upon
Additional detail Pea Weevil GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail House Sparrow GloBI  
Additional detail House Sparrow GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Shrike GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Osprey GloBI  
Additional detail Pea Weevil GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Sand Martin GloBI  
Additional detail Western Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Shrike GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Nest type
Additional detail cavity
  • Cavity
    The nest is placed in a cavity with a narrow/protected entrance.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestCavity
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail altricial
  • Altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail cooperative breeding
  • Cooperative breeding
    The species regularly breeds cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CooperativeBreeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 5 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail 0.008 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 4 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 23 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 152 days female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.41 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 11 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Invasive in
Additional detail Bahamas Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bermuda Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail British Virgin Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Curaçao Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Dominican Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Falkland Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guadeloupe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kenya Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mayotte Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Netherlands Antilles Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Réunion Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Pierre and Miquelon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
Not invasive in
Additional detail Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Scandinavia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  

Other

Data about <i>Passer domesticus</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail nonmigratory
  • Nonmigratory
    Does not make seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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