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Description of Falcomonas

Cryptomonad flagellates, the anterior end of cells rounded gradually tapering to an acute, pointed and slightly curved posterior end which gives it a comma to teardrop shape. A furrow extends posteriorly from a vestibulum for approximately half the cell length and a short sac-like gullet extends beyond the furrow. The periplast appears serrated due to ejectosome chambers located beneath the anterior corners of the raised plates. The inner and outer periplast components consist of hexagonal plates with the outer plates being crystalline and composed of minute subunits. Sometimes heptagonal scales lie on the superficial component plates. The periplastidal compartment contains a single chloroplast with a centrally situated pyrenoid bisected by a periplastidial cytoplasmic tongue, and a nucleomorph located anterior to the pyrenoid. Chloroplasts are blue-green and contain Cr-phycocyanin 569. Common in marine habitats.

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