Mimus patagonicus (Lafresnaye & d'Orbigny, 1837) — Details

Patagonian Mockingbird learn more about names for this taxon

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Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

Although often seen surveying its surroundings from a perch, the Patagonian mockingbird normally forages from the ground (2) (3). It is predominately insectivorous, but outside of the breeding season, will also eat fruits and berries (2) In the north of its range, the Patagonian mockingbird is resident year round, but southerly populations migrate north over winter (2) (3). Breeding takes place from October through to January, but generally occurs earlier in the south. Breeding pairs are monogamous with each clutch comprising three to six eggs laid in a small twiggy nest in low vegetation (2).
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Description

The Patagonian mockingbird is a small, South American passerine with a sombre plumage of browns, greys and whites (3). The upperparts of its body are greyish-brown, while the flight feathers are blackish with white tips. The crown of its head is brown but a black line runs through each eye and a whitish stripe, formally termed the supercilium, arches over each eye. The throat and belly are buffy-grey and the tail is black (2). In appearance, the Patagonian mockingbird closely resembles the more northerly chalk-browed mockingbird but is best identified by its smaller size, shorter tail, and less prominent supercilium (2) (3).
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Distribution

Range

Central and s Argentina and s Chile.

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Range

The Patagonian mockingbird occurs in northwest, central and southern Argentina, and in southern Chile (2).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Mimus patagonicus
Catalog Number: USNM 237199
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): R. Sanzin
Year Collected: 1912
Locality: Lujan De Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina, South America
  • Type: Wetmore, et al. May 1, 1923. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington. 36: 145.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Found in open woodland and desert shrubland from sea level up to 1,800 metres (2).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Mimus patagonicus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 6 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

AACCGATGATTATTCTCAACCAACCACAAAGATATCGGCACCCTCTACCTAATCTTCGGCGCATGAGCCGGGATGGTAGGCACCGCCCTA---AGCCTCCTTATTCGAGCAGAACTAGGCCAACCTGGAGCCCTACTAGGTGAC---GACCAAGTCTACAATGTAGTCGTCACAGCCCATGCCTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTTATGGTTATACCAATTATGATCGGGGGGTTTGGAAACTGACTAGTCCCCCTAATA---ATTGGAGCCCCAGACATAGCATTCCCCCGAATAAACAACATAAGCTTCTGGCTACTCCCCCCATCCTTCCTCCTACTCCTAGCATCCTCCACAGTAGAATCAGGAGTAGGGACAGGCTGAACCGTATACCCACCCCTGGCCGGCAACCTAGCCCACGCCGGAGCCTCAGTAGACCTG---GCCATTTTCTCCCTCCACCTGGCCGGTATCTCCTCAATTCTAGGGGCTATCAACTTCATCACAACAGCAATTAACATAAAACCACCCGCCCTCTCACAATACCAGACCCCCCTATTCGTCTGATCAGTACTAATTACTGCAGTACTACTCCTCCTATCCCTCCCTGTCCTTGCCGCA---GGCATTACCATGCTCCTCACCGACCGCAACCTCAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCAGCAGGAGGAGGGGACCCAGTACTCTACCAACACCTCTTCTGATTCTTCGGTCACCCAGAAGTCTACATCCTAATCCTCCCAGGATTTGGAATCATCTCCCATGTTGTAGCCTACTACTCAGGAAAAAAA---GAGCCGTTTGGTTACATAGGAATAGTGTGAGCCATGCTATCCATCGGATTCCTAGGCTTCATCGTCTGAGCCCACCACATGTTCACAGTAGGGATGGACGTAGACACTCGAGCCTACTTCACATCCGCCACCATAATCATCGCCATCCCAACAGGAATCAAAGTGTTCAGCTGACTA---GCAACG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Mimus patagonicus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Status

Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).
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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

The Patagonian mockingbird is relatively common through most of its range and is not thought to be under any significant threat (2).
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Management

Conservation

There are no conservation measures in place for the Patagonian mockingbird.
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Wikipedia

Patagonian Mockingbird

The Patagonian Mockingbird (Mimus patagonicus) is a species of bird in the Mimidae family. It is found in Argentina and locally in Chile. Vagrants have been recorded in the Falkland Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical dry shrubland and heavily degraded former forest.

References[edit]


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