- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Surveys of range and abundance are conducted annually. Detailed research has been conducted on breeding biology. Restrictions have been placed on grazing and timber extraction at some important sites. Extensive replanting of habitat trees has occurred. Captive colonies have been established. A recovery plan is being implemented. Conservation Actions Proposed
Initiate population monitoring in the three main breeding regions. Determine trends using existing sightings database and bird atlas project, largely through assistance of community-based surveys coordinated by the Regent Honeyeater Recovery Team and the Threatened Bird Network. Determine movement patterns and degree of isolation between breeding populations. Determine impact of M. melanocephala on population stability. Conduct trials of hard release techniques. Prepare regional guidelines for habitat management. Protect all sites on public land. Conduct a public education programme. Determine and monitor habitat quality. Increase number and quality of colonies in Victoria.
The Regent Honeyeater (Anthochaera phrygia) is a critically endangered bird endemic to Australia. It feeds on nectar and insects within eucalyptus forests. Recent genetic research suggests it is closely related to the wattlebirds.
First described by the naturalist George Shaw in 1794, the Regent Honeyeater was known as Xanthomyza phrygia for many years, the genus erected by William John Swainson in 1837. However, genetic analysis shows that its ancestry is in fact nested within the wattlebird genus Anthochaera, and hence it is correctly described as Anthochaera phrygia.
The Regent Honeyeater was once common in wooded areas of eastern Australia, especially along the inland slopes of the Great Dividing Range. It once could be found as far west as Adelaide, but is now gone from South Australia and western Victoria. The population is now scattered, with the three main breeding areas being the Bundarra-Barraba area and Capertee Valley of New South Wales, and north-eastern Victoria.
Important Bird Areas 
- New South Wales
- Brisbane Water
- Capertee Valley
- Greater Blue Mountains
- Hunter Valley
- Lake Macquarie
- Richmond Woodlands
The Regent Honeyeater exhibits unusual behaviour, in that particularly during winter, isolated individuals of this species associate with and then often mimic the calls of wattlebirds and friarbirds. Although many birds use vocal copying behaviour, no other bird species is known to use vocal mimicry of close relatives in this way. See Veerman, P.A. 1992 & 1994 Australian Bird Watcher.
Conservation status 
The Regent Honeyeater is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and under both Australia's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and Queensland's Nature Conservation Act 1992. The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010, compiled by researchers from Charles Darwin University and published in October 2011 by the CSIRO, added the Regent Honeyeater to the "Critically Endangered" list, giving habitat loss as the major threat.
- Menkhorst, Peter; Schedvin, Natasha; & Geering, David (1999-05-00). "Regent Honeyeater (Xanthomyza phrygia) Recovery Plan 1999-2003". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Australia. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-01-02.
- Garnett, Stephen; Szabo, Judit and Dutson, Guy (2011). The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010. Collingwood, Vic: CSIRO. ISBN 978-0-643-10368-9.