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Malurus coronatus (Purple-crowned Fairy-wren) is a bird endemic to Northern and Western Australia. Two subspecies are recognized, Malurus coronatus coronatus and Malurus coronatus macgillivrayi. This species can be found near water and thick vegetation such as Pandanus, Chionachne cyathopoda, or other canegrass. This bird is 14 cm in length and has a blue tail that sticks vertically in the air. During breeding season, males develop a purple crown with a black spot in the center on the top of their head. Purple-crowned Fairy-wrens breed in monogamous pairs and male offspring are known to stay with the breeding pair for up to four years to care for other young. This species is an insectivore and may eat leaf matter found in canegrass. Banding records indicate that individuals live for nine years or more.