Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail -20.9 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 59.82 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -97.8 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 125.84 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
Body length (VT) min
Additional detail 14.6 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 17.25 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 19.9 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass
Additional detail 17.91 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
min Additional detail 17 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail 18 g AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 18.5 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 20 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Wingspan min
Additional detail 31.8 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 33.05 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 34.3 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail male more colorful Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Weight
Additional detail 18.3 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.3 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cave
  • Cave
    Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail chaparral
  • Chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail crevasse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • Farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mediterranean Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • Mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail eats invertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Bullfrog GloBI  
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail Ants GloBI  
Additional detail Boat-tailed Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Bobcat GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Clariaidae GloBI  
Additional detail Common Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Cooper''s Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Screech Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Gulls and Allies GloBI  
Additional detail Lizards and Snakes GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya biloba GloBI  
Additional detail Osprey GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Sharp-shinned Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Squirrels GloBI  
Additional detail Storks and Allies GloBI  
Additional detail Weasels GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Ants, Bees, and Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Butterflies and Moths GloBI  
Additional detail Centipedes GloBI  
Additional detail Dragonflies and Damselflies GloBI  
Additional detail Grasshoppers, Crickets, and Katydids GloBI  
Additional detail Mayflies GloBI  
Additional detail Spiders GloBI  
Additional detail True Bugs, Cicadas, Leafhoppers, Aphids, Etc. GloBI  
Additional detail True Flies, Mosquitoes and Gnats GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Myrsidea GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya biloba GloBI  
Additional detail Philopterus GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Barn Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Cliff Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Rough-winged Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya biloba GloBI  
Additional detail Osprey GloBI  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 1.25 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.64 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature max
Additional detail 13.57 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 8.27 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.46 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 10.45 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.24 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.63 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 6.0 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.08 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 108.89 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 99.52 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Diurnal Birds of Prey GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Snake GloBI  
Elevation min
Additional detail -2.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
median Additional detail 46.0 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
max Additional detail 707.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
Sample Size Additional detail 7,098 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
Sample Size Additional detail 7,098 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
Sample Size Additional detail 7,098 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
Sample Size Additional detail 7,098 Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
standard deviation Additional detail 71.5 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
mean Additional detail 73.2 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
Water salinity max
Additional detail 35.49 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 6.43 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
Nest type
Additional detail sheltered nest
  • Sheltered nest
    The nest is placed in sheltered locations, such as caves or under ledges, that are not true cavities.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shelteredNest
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail altricial
  • Altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail occasionally breeds cooperatively
  • Occasionally breeds cooperatively
    The species has been known to breed cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/occasionalCooperativeBreeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 6 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.023 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 2 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 16 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 1.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.49 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 15 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 0.32 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

Other

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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