Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail -20.9 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 59.82 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail -97.8 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 125.84 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
body length (VT) average
Additional detail 17.25 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
min Additional detail 14.6 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 19.9 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
body mass average
Additional detail 18.5 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
min Additional detail 17 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail 17.91 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail 18 g AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 20 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
wingspan average
Additional detail 33.05 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
min Additional detail 31.8 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 34.3 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
sexual dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail male more colorful Birds Animal Diversity Web  
weight
Additional detail 18.3 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.3 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
habitat
Additional detail agricultural feature Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail agricultural feature Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail anthropogenic geographic feature
  • anthropogenic geographic feature
    An anthropogenic geographic feature is a geographic feature resulting from the influence of human beings on nature.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000002
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cave
  • cave
    Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail chaparral
  • chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail rock
  • rock
    A mass of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001995
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail water body Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
foraging habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
primary diet
Additional detail eats invertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail American Bullfrog GloBI  
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail American Water Frogs GloBI  
Additional detail Arrenuridae GloBI  
Additional detail Arrenurus GloBI  
Additional detail Badgers, Otters, Weasels, and Relatives GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Swallows GloBI  
Additional detail Bed Bugs GloBI  
Additional detail Bird Hawks GloBI  
Additional detail Boat-tailed Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Bobcat GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Cimicoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Clariaidae GloBI  
Additional detail Common Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Cooper's Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Screech Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Falcons GloBI  
Additional detail Formicidae GloBI  
Additional detail Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Gregarinidae GloBI  
Additional detail Gulls and Allies GloBI  
Additional detail Halipegidae GloBI  
Additional detail Halipegus GloBI  
Additional detail Louse Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Lynxes GloBI  
Additional detail Megascops GloBI  
Additional detail Muridae GloBI  
Additional detail New World Blackbirds GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Mice GloBI  
Additional detail Old World Rats GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya biloba GloBI  
Additional detail Ospreys GloBI  
Additional detail Ospreys GloBI  
Additional detail Owls GloBI  
Additional detail Procyonids GloBI  
Additional detail Raccoons GloBI  
Additional detail Sharp-shinned Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Small Cats GloBI  
Additional detail Squirrels GloBI  
Additional detail Swallows GloBI  
Additional detail True Frogs GloBI  
Additional detail Vespoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Weasels GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail American Cliff Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Swallows GloBI  
Additional detail Bed Bugs GloBI  
Additional detail Cimicoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Louse Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Rough-winged Swallow GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus GloBI  
Additional detail Oeciacus hirundinis GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithomya biloba GloBI  
Additional detail Ospreys GloBI  
Additional detail Ospreys GloBI  
Additional detail Petrochelidon GloBI  
Additional detail Rough-winged Swallows GloBI  
Additional detail Swallows GloBI  
  • preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
preys upon
Additional detail Anax GloBI  
Additional detail Backswimmers GloBI  
Additional detail Baetoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Biting Midges GloBI  
Additional detail Common Green Darner GloBI  
Additional detail Corixoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Darners GloBI  
Additional detail Flecked Mayflies GloBI  
Additional detail Gerroidea GloBI  
Additional detail Lestes GloBI  
Additional detail Non-biting Midges GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Bluets GloBI  
Additional detail Notonecta GloBI  
Additional detail Notonectoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Pond Damsels GloBI  
Additional detail Pondskaters GloBI  
Additional detail Raitamalluaiset GloBI  
Additional detail Saddlebags GloBI  
Additional detail Shore Flies & Brine Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Skimmers GloBI  
Additional detail Small Minnow Mayflies GloBI  
Additional detail Spreadwings GloBI  
Additional detail Water Boatman GloBI  
feeds on
Additional detail Formicidae GloBI  
Additional detail Vespoidea GloBI  
  • has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
has predator
Additional detail Ardeinae GloBI  
Additional detail Buzzards GloBI  
Additional detail Eagles GloBI  
Additional detail Great Blue Heron GloBI  
Additional detail Great Herons GloBI  
Additional detail Herons GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
  • has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
has parasite
Additional detail Myrsidea rustica GloBI  
Additional detail Philopterus excisus GloBI  
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 1.25 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.64 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water temperature min
Additional detail 8.27 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 13.57 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.46 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 10.45 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.24 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.63 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 6.0 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.08 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail 99.52 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 108.89 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
elevation median
Additional detail 46.0 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
mean Additional detail 73.2 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
min Additional detail -2.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
max Additional detail 707.7 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
water salinity min
Additional detail 6.43 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 35.49 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
nest type
Additional detail sheltered nest
  • sheltered nest
    The nest is placed in sheltered locations, such as caves or under ledges, that are not true cavities.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shelteredNest
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
developmental mode
Additional detail altricial
  • altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
parental care
Additional detail occasionally breeds cooperatively
  • occasionally breeds cooperatively
    The species has been known to breed cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/occasionalCooperativeBreeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 6 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.023 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
onset of fertility
Additional detail 1.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
litters per year
Additional detail 2 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
total life span max
Additional detail 16 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
growth rate
Additional detail 0.49 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
prenatal development duration
Additional detail 15 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
migratory status
Additional detail migratory Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
  • basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 0.32 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Other

Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>
has pathogen
Additional detail Arboviruses Group A GloBI  
Additional detail Togaviridae GloBI  
Additional detail Uine GloBI  

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