Data about <i>Hirundo rustica</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
-20.9 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
59.82 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-97.8 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
125.84 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
17.25 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
14.6 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
19.9 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
18.5 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
17 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
20 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
1.25 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail
18 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
wingspan average
Additional detail
33.05 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
31.8 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
34.3 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
18.3 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
2.3 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
agricultural feature
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
agricultural feature
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
anthropogenic geographic feature
  • anthropogenic geographic feature
    An anthropogenic geographic feature is a geographic feature resulting from the influence of human beings on nature.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000002
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
cave
  • cave
    Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
chaparral
  • chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
city
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
farm
  • farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
farm
  • farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mud
  • mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
rock
  • rock
    A mass of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001995
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
water body
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
eats invertebrates adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
1.25 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
8.64 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
8.27 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
13.57 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
1.46 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
10.45 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
0.24 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
0.63 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
6.0 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
8.08 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
99.52 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
108.89 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
6.43 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
35.49 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
sheltered nest
  • sheltered nest
    The nest is placed in sheltered locations, such as caves or under ledges, that are not true cavities.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shelteredNest
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
  • altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
occasionally breeds cooperatively
  • occasionally breeds cooperatively
    The species has been known to breed cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/occasionalCooperativeBreeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
6
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.023
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
365 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
2 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
16 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.49 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
15 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
  • migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
basal metabolic rate
  • basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Additional detail
0.32 Watts
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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