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Range DescriptionDeconychura longicauda is a polytypic Neotropical species, disjunctly distributed in Central America, where it is quite rare, and South America, where it is also uncommon. Subspecies typica is known from an isolated site in south Honduras, where the only record dates from 1953. The rest of its population ranges from Costa Rica east as far as Veraguas in central Panama, where it is most often seen in the Canal Zone; it has possibly been extirpated from Chiriquí. Subspecies dariensis is found in east Panama and adjacent north-west Colombia. Subspecies minor is endemic to Santander, north-central Colombia (del Hoyo et al. 2003). The nominate subspecies longicauda is uncommon in Guyana and French Guiana, and has only been recorded a few times in Suriname (del Hoyo et al. 2003, Restall et al. 2006). Its range extends into north Brazil, between Rio Negro and Amapá (del Hoyo et al. 2003). Subspecies connectens occurs in western Amazonia, from east Colombia and south Venezuela; it is rare and local in Ecuador and spreads south to east Peru and the upper Rio Negro in north-west Brazil (del Hoyo et al. 2003, Restall et al. 2006). Subspecies pallida of south Amazonia ranges from eastern Peru, east to Rio Tapajós, Brazil, and south to north Bolivia and the north of Brazil's Mato Grosso state. Subspecies zimmeri is endemic to south-east Amazonian Brazil, occurring from Rio Tocantins east as far as Maranhão (del Hoyo et al. 2003).