Data about <i>Nucifraga caryocatactes</i>

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Distribution

 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Afghan Mountains semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Alashan Plateau semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Alps conifer and mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Altai steppe and semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Amur meadow steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Atlantic mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Balkan mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Baltic mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central Asian northern desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central Asian riparian woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central China loess plateau mixed forests
  • Central China loess plateau mixed forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Central_China_loess_plateau_mixed_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central European mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe
  • Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Central_Tibetan_Plateau_alpine_steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Changbai Mountains mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests
  • Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Da_Hinggan-Dzhagdy_Mountains_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Daba Mountains evergreen forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Daurian forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Dinaric Mountains mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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East Afghan montane conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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East Siberian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern Gobi desert steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
  • Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Eastern_Himalayan_alpine_shrub_and_meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
  • Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Eastern_Himalayan_subalpine_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Emin Valley steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Gissaro-Alai open woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests
  • Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Guizhou_Plateau_broadleaf_and_mixed_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests
  • Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Hengduan_Mountains_subalpine_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Himalayan subtropical pine forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Hindu Kush alpine meadow
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Huang He Plain mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Illyrian deciduous forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Indo-Malayan
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests
  • Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Jian_Nan_subtropical_evergreen_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Junggar Basin semi-desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kazakh forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Khangai Mountains conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe
  • Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Kopet_Dag_woodlands_and_forest_steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Manchurian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Nenjiang River grassland
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests
  • Northeast China Plain deciduous forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Northeast_China_Plain_deciduous_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
  • Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Northeastern_Himalayan_subalpine_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern Indochina subtropical forests
  • Northern Indochina subtropical forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Northern_Indochina_subtropical_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
  • Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Northwestern_Himalayan_alpine_shrub_and_meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests
  • Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Nujiang_Langcang_Gorge_alpine_conifer_and_mixed_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Ordos Plateau steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Palearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pannonian mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pindus Mountains mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pontic steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Qilian Mountains conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests
  • Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Qin_Ling_Mountains_deciduous_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Rodope montane mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sarmatic mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sayan Intermontane steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sayan montane conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Scandinavian and Russian taiga
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Scandinavian coastal conifer forests
  • Scandinavian coastal conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Scandinavian_coastal_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands
  • Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Scandinavian_Montane_Birch_forest_and_grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests
  • Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sichuan_Basin_evergreen_broadleaf_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows
  • Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Suiphun-Khanka_meadows_and_forest_meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests
  • Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Taiwan_subtropical_evergreen_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Taklimakan desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tian Shan foothill arid steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tian Shan montane conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows
  • Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Tian_Shan_montane_steppe_and_meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Trans-Baikal conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western European broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
  • Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Western_Himalayan_alpine_shrub_and_meadows
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
  • Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Western_Himalayan_subalpine_conifer_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests
  • Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Yunnan_Plateau_subtropical_evergreen_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body mass
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147 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
2.26 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
weight
Additional detail
183 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
Additional detail
eats seeds adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
maar
  • maar
    A broad, low relief crater that results from a phreatic eruption or explosion caused by groundwater contact with hot lava or magma. The maar typically fills with water to form a relatively shallow crater lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000245
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peninsula
  • peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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Boreal Forests (Taiga)
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mediterranean Forests, woodlands and scrubs
  • Mediterranean Forests, woodlands and scrubs
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediterranean_forests_woodlands_and_scrubs
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
  • Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_broadleaf_and_mixed_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
  • Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_coniferous_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_moist_broadleaf_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
elevation median
Additional detail
110.8 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation mean
Additional detail
166.6 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation min
Additional detail
15.9 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation max
Additional detail
741.8 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
  • altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.692
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
365 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
16.2 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.28 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
nonmigratory
  • nonmigratory
    Does not make seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
vocalization behavior
Additional detail
song absent female
Female Passerine Singing Behavior from Odom et al. 2013  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
basal metabolic rate
  • basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Additional detail
1.35 Watts
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Decreasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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