occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: RESIDENT: southern Arizona and northern Mexico south to northwestern Costa Rica. Northernmost populations partially migratory, casual in Arizona in winter, casual in southwestern New Mexico and southern Texas (AOU 1983).
Length: 32 cm
Weight: 69 grams
Habitat and Ecology
Comments: Open woodland, pine-oak association, scrubby woodland and second growth, primarily in arid or semi-arid situations, less frequently in humid woodland (Tropical to lower Temperate zones) (AOU 1983). Mountain canyons. Costa Rica: hillsides, ravines, gullies, evergreen forest; usually keeps well up in canopy, coming lower to nest or feed (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Nests usually in natural tree cavities or abandoned woodpecker holes, 2-12 m above ground.
Non-Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species do not make significant seasonal migrations. Juvenile dispersal is not considered a migration.
Locally Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Found year-round throughout most of range. Northernmost populations are partially migratory (AOU 1983).
Comments: Feeds on insects (e.g., grasshoppers, mantids, bugs, beetles, moths) and some fruit (e.g. grapes, cherries) (Terres 1980). Gleans insects from leaves and twigs while hovering in mid-air. Sallies to snatch berries, arillate seeds, and insects from foliage (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
Usually solitary or in pairs. Breeding males had home ranges averaging 76-205 hectares in southeastern Arizona (Hall 1996).
Life History and Behavior
Nests April-July in Costa Rica; often 2 broods (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Clutch size is 3-4.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trogon elegans
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2008Least Concern
- 2004Least Concern
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N1N,N3B : N1N: Critically Imperiled - Nonbreeding, N3B: Vulnerable - Breeding
The Elegant Trogon (Trogon elegans) (formerly the "Coppery-tailed" Trogon), is a near passerine bird in the trogon family. It breeds from southeasternmost Arizona in the United States to northwestern Costa Rica. It occasionally is found as a vagrant in southeasternmost and western Texas.
It is a resident of the lower levels of semi-arid open woodlands and forests. It nests 2–6 metres (7–20 ft) high in an unlined shallow cavity, usually selecting an old woodpecker hole, with a typical clutch of 2–3 eggs.
Trogons have distinctive male and female plumages, with soft, often colourful, feathers. This species is 28–30 centimetres (11–12 in) long and weighs 65–67 grams (2.3–2.4 oz). Both sexes have a white undertail with fine horizontal black barring. The undertail also has large white tips spaced evenly ending in a black terminal band. Both have a yellow bill, orange-red undertail coverts and lower belly, and a white horizontal breast stripe.
The male Elegant Trogon has a metallic deep green head, upper breast and back, black face and throat, and red-orange lower breast and belly. He shows grey upperwing coverts. The female has a metallic bronze head, upper breast, back, upper tail and upperwing coverts. She shows a dull white upper belly, and a small white vertical stripe behind the eye.
The usual call is a croaking "co-ah co-ah co-ah". The trogon will also include some chattering notes.
Elegant Trogons feed on insects and fruit, often taken in flight. Their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. They typically perch upright and motionless.
- Trogon elegans ambiguus Gould, 1835
- Trogon elegans canescens Van Rossem, 1934
- Trogon elegans elegans Gould, 1834
- Trogon elegans goldmani Nelson, 1898
- Trogon elegans lubricus J. L. Peters, 1945
- BirdLife International (2012). "Trogon elegans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106001014. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- "Trogon elegans Gould, 1834". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=178096. Retrieved 4 May 2011.