IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Brief Summary

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Ampelis Riefferii Boissonneau, 1840, "Bogotá", Colombia.Closely related to P. intermedia, and has been treated as conspecific; in addition to differences in plumage (especially tail colour), however, the two overlap in range in C Peru and in some areas occur together, although they differ in attitudinal range. Distinctive race tallmanorum, from outlying mountains E of main Andean range, may merit species status. Race confusa possibly better merged with chachapoyas. Six subspecies recognized (Snow 2004).

Diagnostic description
Male Male nominate race has
  • hood blackish-green down to chest,
  • collar hood bordered by yellow (except on nape)
  • nape -
    • green above
    • white tips of tertials
    • yellow below
    • green streaks increasingly denser towards flanks
  • iris - dark red-brown;
  • bill - bright red;
  • legs - red or orange-red
Distinguished from similar P. intermedia mainly by plainer tail and less patterned underparts.Female
  • no hood or collar, has
  • head and forebody to breast plain green
  • is dark olive-green above
  • dull olive with yellow streaks below;
  • adult plumage apparently acquired soon after fledging

Other races
Races differ mainly in
  • size
  • shade of hood and amount of
  • green markings on underparts of male
Melanolaema has more
  • contrasting wings, more
  • solid yellow on central underparts
  • male hood glossy black (not greenish)
  • female has ill-defined yellow collar
Other species
  • occidentalis male has throat and chest washed greenish, pale tertial tips less marked
  • chachapoyas is small, male hood black, underparts well marked with green streaks
  • confusa is like last, but male with more greenish upper breast and more strongly marked central underparts
  • tallmanorum is smallest, has brighter red eyes, male has glossiest black hood, unmarked yellow lower breast and belly, female lower underparts broadly streaked green (Snow 2004)


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