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Range DescriptionThis species occurs on the lower eastern slope of the Andes in extreme western Venezuela (south-west Barinas and south-east TÃ¡chira), east Colombia (north BoyacÃ¡ and apparently west Meta), east Ecuador, east Peru (Amazonas to Pasco, probably also further south), and west Bolivia (La Paz)5,6. Subspecies L. e. elegans is endemic to south-east Brazil, where it is known from Bahia2, EspÃrito Santo, Minas Gerais1,4, Rio de Janeiro, SÃ£o Paulo, ParanÃ¡ and Santa Catarina11 and is likely to occur all along the forested belt of the Serra do Mar from southern Rio de Janeiro to Santa Catarina. Widespread destruction of forest within its altitudinal limits is being caused by peasant farmers and tea and coffee growers all along the east slope of the Andes10. Many of the foothill forests of the northern portion of the Andes are under intense threat from conversion to agriculture and cattle pasture, mining operations and logging, the effects of which are intensified by road building and human colonisation9. In La Paz, Bolivia, large areas of its foothill forests have already been deforested by colonists from the altiplano for subsistence agriculture and the cultivation of cash crops such as coca and coffee10. In Brazil, extensive and ongoing deforestation is evident, which led subspecies L. e. elegans to be classified as Near Threatened when it was recognised as a separate species. However, much of the species's habitat in central Peru remains relatively intact, especially above 900 m10, and it occurs in a number of protected areas. The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.