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Range DescriptionCorvus torquatus was historically fairly common over a large area encompassing southern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and northern Vietnam. However, it is undergoing a continuing decline in numbers across its range and is now only regular at a few sites in southern China, such as coastal Fujian, Nanjing, Shenzhen (Guangdong) and in the Plover Cove and Deep Bay areas, Hong Kong ( S. Chan in litt. 2007, P. Leader in litt. 2007, R. Lethwaite in litt. 2007). The latter site appears to be the stronghold, and the only location where recent counts have reached 100 individuals (P. Leader in litt. 2007). In most areas where there were hundreds of birds 15 years ago, such as on Kinmen (an offshore island near Fukien, China) where in 1989 up to 176 individuals could be found, it has declined to such an extent that single figure counts are now the norm (Y. Cheng-te in litt. 2007). In Taiwan, it is now considered no more than a very rare resident or vagrant. There were only three recent records from Vietnam (J. C. Eames in litt. 2007, J. Tordoff in litt. 2007), until the sighting in late 2011 of up to 10 groups, each of c.12 birds, in northern Cao Bang province, northern Vietnam (J. Wright in litt. 2011).