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Brown-throated parakeets (Aratinga pertinax) are found across northern South America but primarily north of the Amazon River. Known populations inhabit Aruba, Barbados, Brazil, Columbia, easternmost Costa Rica, Dominica, French Guiana, Guyana, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Suriname, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A. pertinax occurs in central Panama and islands of the Southern Caribbean as well. It is common for brown-throated parakeets to be found on the Pacific but not the Caribbean slope in Panama. The species lives in the Caribbean lowlands of northern and north-east Colombia from Rio Sinu east to the Guajira Peninsula. It is also found at low elevations in the eastern Andes and the upper Orinoco lowlands. Brown-throated parakeets are seen in Venezuela and on the north coast islands of Margarita, Tortuga (Venezuela), Curacao, Aruba and Bonaire (Dutch Antilles). The species varies throughout the Guianas and northern Brazil from Roraima to Amapa, and is distributed to upper Rio Tapajos catchment, Para, and in Rio Negro.
Aratinga pertinax was introduced to St. Thomas, Saba, the Virgin Islands, and perhaps St. Croix.
Biogeographic Regions: neotropical (Introduced , Native )