occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: RESIDENT: Pacific slope of Middle America from central Sinaloa and western Durango south to northwestern Costa Rica (to Gulf of Nicoya and San Jose region), also in arid Comayagua Valley on Caribbean slope of Honduras. Introduced (possibly not established) in southern Florida and Puerto Rico.
Length: 24 cm
Comments: ALL SEASONS: Deciduous forest, arid scrub, swamps, open woodland, forest edge, occasionally around towns and villages, mostly in arid or semi-arid situations (AOU 1983). Roosts in trees along streams in Guatemala. In suburbs and wooded pastures in Puerto Rico. BREEDING: In native habitat, nests usually in excavations in termitaria (AOU 1983).
Habitat and Ecology
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Comments: Eats especially wild figs, also seeds, nuts, berries, blossoms, and possibly insects. Diet includes casuarina fruits in Florida (Terres 1980).
Forms large noisy flocks.
Life History and Behavior
Lifespan, longevity, and ageing
Clutch size usually 3-5. Incubation by female, usually 30 days to hatch first egg. Young fly at about 6 weeks (Terres 1980).
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: Possibly constitutes a superspecies with A. azurea of South America (AOU 1983).