The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2005. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2005.11.05
  • 2005. website, AOU Check-List (07-2005)
  • BirdLife International 2012. Mellisuga helenae
  • BirdLife International, 2003. "BirdLife's online World Bird Database: the site for bird conservation" (On-line). Accessed January 19, 2004 at
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Harmer, S., A. Shipley. 1959. Birds. New York: Hafner Publishing Co..
  • Lack, D. 1971. Ecological Isolation in Birds. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • Lack, D. 1973. The numbers of species of hummingbirds in the West Indies. Evolution, 27: 326-337.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Perrins, C., C. Middleton. 1989. Encyclopedia of Birds. NY: Facts on File.
  • Peters, S. 2000. Bumblebee Hummingbirds of Cuba. NY: Welschner Books Inc.
  • Santana, E. 1991. Nature conservation and development in Cuba. Conservation Biology, 5(1): 13-16.
  • Sibley, C., J. Ahlquist. 1990. Phylogeny and Classification of Birds. London: Yale University Press.
  • Terres, J. 1982. Hummingbird Family. NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Thomson, A. 1964. Hummingbird. NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
  • Tyrrell, Q. 1990. Hummingbirds of the Caribbean. NY: Crown Publishers, Inc.
  • Weekes, W. 2000. "An Itty-Bitty Humdinger" (On-line). The World and I. Accessed January 19, 2004 at
  • Welty, J. 1975. The Life of Birds. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.


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