Its iris is orange to red in the adult and its central pair of tail-feathers is plain.
Immature Shikra has a dark mesial throat stripe and contrasting blotches on the breast, which are lacking, indistinct or narrow in African Goshawk (Louette 2010).
Pale yellow cere and red (male) or deep orange (female) eye (Kemp in del Hoyo et al. 1994, Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001)
SubSpecies Varieties Races
Habitat and Ecology
Landscape with trees, not dense forest or entirely open areas
African populations migrate with seasonal rains only (Elgood et al. 1973); Palearctic populations migrate south (especially in Asian regions).
Movements and dispersal
It feeds mainly on lizards and large insects, occasionally small birds (passerines), eggs and chicks as well as small mammals (Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001).
Known prey organisms
Based on studies in:
India, Rajasthan Desert (Desert or dune)
This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
- I. K. Sharma, A study of ecosystems of the Indian desert, Trans. Indian Soc. Desert Technol. and Univ. Center Desert Stud. 5(2):51-55, from p. 52 and A study of agro-ecosystems in the Indian desert, ibid. 5:77-82, from p. 79 1980).
Life History and Behavior
Usually solitary, noisy at all times
Breeding time depends on the region.
Nest: an insubstantial structure of thin sticks built in the fork of a broadleaved tree.
Clutch: 3-4 eggs.
Incubation: 30-35 days.
Fledging at about 30-32 days.
Evolution and Systematics
Accipiter badius is a sister species to A. brevipes, however the exact relationships with A. brevipes remain unclear. Recent genetic work on COI has demonstrated significant genetic distances between subspecies of A. badius. Distances that are comparable with distances to A. brevipes as well (Breman et al. unpublished). The subspecies differ significantly from each other for measurements such as wing lengths, bill size and middle toe lengths (Wattel 1973).
Molecular Biology and Genetics
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria