- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
Subspecies and Distribution:
- * saturatus Blyth, 1843 - Kashmir through S Himalayas, Assam, N & E Myanmar (including Shan States) and Thailand to S China and Taiwan; winters from Malaysia and Philippines S to Lesser Sundas, New Guinea and Australia. * lepidus S. Müller, 1845 - Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra (and satellite islands), Borneo, Java, Bali and Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Pantar, Sumba, Timor).
Catalog Number: USNM A14018
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): T. Peale
Year Collected: 1842
Locality: Mangsi Island, Balabac Strait, Balabac Island, Palawan Province, Palawan, Philippines, Asia
- Type: Peale. 1848. U.S. Exploring Expedition. 8 (mamm. and orn.): 136, pl. xxxvii, fig. 2.
Habitat and Ecology
Insect, mainly caterpillars, greeshoppers, crickets, cicadas, beetles, flies and ants, fruit and the shoots and needles of pines
Life History and Behavior
Season coincides with that of theri warbler host. In India in May and June. In Nepal from March to August.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Cuculus optatus
There are 5 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cuculus optatus
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cuculus saturatus
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2012Least Concern
The Himalayan Cuckoo (Cuculus saturatus) is a species of cuckoo in the genus Cuculus. It breeds from the Himalayas eastward to southern China and Taiwan. It migrates to southeast Asia and the Greater Sunda Islands for the winter.
It was formerly known as "Oriental Cuckoo" and contained several subspecies found over most of Asia. In 2005, it was determined that this "species" consists of three distinct lineages:
- Himalayan Cuckoo, Cuculus (saturatus) saturatus
- Oriental Cuckoo proper, Cuculus (saturatus) optatus
- Sunda Cuckoo, Cuculus (saturatus) lepidus
These are usually seen as distinct species nowadays. As the type specimen of the former "Oriental" Cuckoo is a bird of the Himalayan population, the name saturatus applies to the Himalayan Cuckoo if it is considered a species.